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An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone, and also referred to as an unpiloted aerial vehicle and a remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard. Its flight is controlled either autonomously by onboard computers or by the remote control of a pilot on the ground or in another vehicle. ICAO classify unmanned aircraft into two types under Circular 328 AN/190.


A Smart Car (commonly referred to as a Self-Driving Car also used enterchangably with related term Connected Car) is an automobile or other motor vehicle with additional computational capabilities built in to enable it to interface with a human (outside of basic steering or air conditioning/defog/radio) and/or .


Connected Car

A car equipped with Bluetooth tethering for SmartPhone remote control/connection-sharing and/or its own dedicated Internet access is said to be "Connected". In addition to connectivity and convenience of hands-free style SmartPhone usage, additional benefits to the driver and/or passengers include real-time traffic information, local landmark and address lookups, direction shortcuts, GPS navigation voice controls, automatic notification of crashes, notification of speeding, and safety alerts. Concierge features provided by automakers or apps may also alert drivers of the best time to leave and "last call" departure notices for arriving on time, via calendar integration, and possibly Text Message alerts or phone notifiations to family, friends and/or business associates to alert them of expected arrival times such as BMW's Connected NA that also helps find parking or gas stations.


Autonomous Vehicles

Not all Drones are controlled by human operators, and not all Drones are necessarily aerial. This category of Drone or "Autonomous Vehicle" includes AI-steered vehicles such as Google's Self-Driving Car (and the many copycats popping up in R&D projects across many major car & tech companies), or autonomous versions of the US Air Force's Predator Drone.




External Links


  1. wikipedia: Open Automotive Alliance
  2. wikipedia: Google self-driving car
  3. Sergey Brin - Here’s why Google is making self-driving cars: http://fortune.com/2015/06/03/google-self-driving-cars/
  4. Green lights for our self-driving vehicle prototypes: http://googleblog.blogspot.ca/2015/05/self-driving-vehicle-prototypes-on-road.html
  5. Just press go -- designing a self-driving vehicle: http://googleblog.blogspot.ca/2014/05/just-press-go-designing-self-driving.html
  6. We announced our self-driving car project in 2010 with a clear goal -- make driving safer, more enjoyable and more efficient: http://plus.google.com/u/0/+google/posts/MVZBmrnzDio
  7. What we’re driving at: http://googleblog.blogspot.ca/2010/10/what-were-driving-at.html
  8. Google's self-driving car -- CRASH course in PR needed: http://www.computerworld.com/article/2919949/emerging-technology/googles-self-driving-car-needs-crash-course-in-pr-itbwgk.html
  9. Self-driving cars -- from 2020 you will become a permanent backseat driver: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/sep/13/self-driving-cars-bmw-google-2020-driving
  10. Elon Musk and the cult of Tesla -- How a tech startup rattled the auto industry to its core: http://www.techrepublic.com/article/elon-musk-and-the-cult-of-tesla-how-a-tech-startup-rattled-the-auto-industry-to-its-core/
  11. Expert sees $5 billion opportunity for in-car autonomous car content: http://www.autonews.com/article/20160922/OEM06/160929922/expert-sees-5-billion-opportunity-for-in-car-autonomous-car-content
  12. Malloy Aeronautics is developing its Hoverbike for the US Department of Defense: http://www.gizmag.com/malloy-hoverbike-department-of-defence/38015/
  13. Raspberry PI Drone flying time?: http://raspberrypi.stackexchange.com/questions/1467/raspberry-pi-drones-flying-time
  14. FAA Releases New Drone List—Is Your Town on the Map?: https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2013/02/faa-releases-new-list-drone-authorizations-your-local-law-enforcement-agency-map
  15. Drone List Released By FAA Shows Which Police Departments Want To Fly Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/08/drone-list-domestic-police-law-enforcement-surveillance_n_2647530.html

See Also

AI | Robots | Biometrics | LBS | IoT | Microprocessor | Battery