Photos

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Photos are an image-based representation of the real world and may be of any number of objects (i.e. a person, place, landscape, plant, animal, ocean, sky, stars, anything!!!).


Specs

There are a number of competing and compatible/complimentary standards in Digital Photography and Camera technology. A nice summary is provided in the Venn diagram below:

EXIF-vs-IPTC-vs-XMP.png

[1] [2] [3]

EXIF

EXIF.jpg

[6] [7] [8] [9] [10]


IPTC

International Press Telecommunications Council (commonly abbreviated as IPTC), is the leading metadata standards body for Press Agencies and News Media wires/feeds.

IIM

IPTC Information Interchange Model (commonly abbreviated as IIMor IPTC-IIM), is the main photograph image media metadata format, from the IPTC.

IIM.jpg

[11] [12]

XMP

Extensible Metadata Platform (commonly abbreviated as XMP), is a competing OSS image media metadata format.


XMP.jpg

[13] [14] [15]

IPTC Core for XMP



Tools

Storage/Sharing sites

Purikura

Purikura are a uniquely Japanese invention of adding many "kawaii" (cute, by Japanese standards that is) images, caricatures, words/sayings, logos and/or color patterns to one's own photography (typically self-portrait photographs or "selfies", but could also be as simple as a landscape photo or pictures of one's prepared food).[27][28]


Resources


Tutorials


External Links


References

  1. What Is Photo Metadata?: https://iptc.org/standards/photo-metadata/
  2. Guidelines For Handling Image Metadata: https://web.archive.org/web/20170607154553/http://www.metadataworkinggroup.org/pdf/mwg_guidance.pdf
  3. Making Metadata Work: https://tagthatphoto.com/making-metadata-work/
  4. Standard of the Camera & Imaging Products Association -- CIPA DC-008-Translation-2012 - Exchangeable image file format for digital still cameras, Exif Version 2.3: http://www.cipa.jp/std/documents/e/DC-008-2012_E.pdf
  5. Exchangeable image file format for digital still cameras, Exif Version 2.2: https://www.digicamsoft.com/exif22/exif22/html/exif22_1.htm
  6. Overview of the revisions to the DCF and Exif standards: https://web.archive.org/web/20090309180013/http://www.cipa.jp/exifprint/contents_e/01exif_e/ExifDCFsummary_E.pdf
  7. TIFF Tag Reference, Exif Tags: https://www.awaresystems.be/imaging/tiff/tifftags/privateifd/exif.html
  8. JPEG Rotation and EXIF Orientation: https://www.impulseadventure.com/photo/exif-orientation.html
  9. libexif C EXIF library: https://libexif.github.io
  10. C++ metadata library and tools -- Exif, IPTC & XMP metadata and ICC Profile: https://www.exiv2.org
  11. IPTC - NAA Information Interchange Model Version 4: https://www.iptc.org/std/IIM/4.2/specification/IIMV4.2.pdf
  12. Quick guide to IPTC Photo Metadata and Google Images: https://iptc.org/standards/photo-metadata/quick-guide-to-iptc-photo-metadata-and-google-images/
  13. Guide to XMP: http://xml.coverpages.org/xmp.html
  14. CreativeCommons' usage of XMP: https://wiki.creativecommons.org/wiki/XMP
  15. Metadata Working Group Introduces First Specification for Interoperability and Preservation of Metadata in Digital Photography: https://web.archive.org/web/20170211083509/http://www.metadataworkinggroup.org/info/pdf/photokina_pr_2008_09_24.pdf
  16. Flickr API: http://www.flickr.com/services/api/
  17. Flickr API - Upload: http://www.flickr.com/services/api/upload.api.html
  18. Flickr Feeds: http://www.flickr.com/services/feeds/
  19. Flickr API clients: http://www.flickr.com/services/api/#kits
  20. SmugMug API: http://wiki.smugmug.net/display/API/Home
  21. SmugMug API - Upload: http://wiki.smugmug.net/display/API/Uploading
  22. phpSmug - PHP client SDK for SmugMug API: http://phpsmug.com/
  23. PhotoBucket API: http://photobucket.com/developer
  24. PhotoBucket API docs: http://pic.pbsrc.com/dev_help/WebHelpPublic/PhotobucketPublicHelp.htm
  25. Picasa API: http://code.google.com/apis/picasaweb/overview.html
  26. ImageShack API: http://imageshack.us/content.php?page=developer
  27. Trends in Japan - Purikura Photo Booths: http://web-japan.org/trends/11_culture/pop120216.html
  28. What is Purikura?: http://www.tofugu.com/2013/03/22/purikura/

See Also

Mobile | Content | Image | Gallery | Camera | Video | Audio | SVG