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Government is a (formal or informal) organization with the purpose of representing the people who make up its constituency[1]. The tasks commonly assigned to modern governments in order to serve this purpose include running, regulating and controlling markets, societal rules and internal/external policies.

Some key examples of Government actions are:

  1. arrest and prosecution of criminals (those who break a law)
  2. enforcement and litigation of Copyright
  3. election of representatives
  4. protection of citizens.


Rights are an instrument of protection first and foremost for a people from their governments, oppression from members of an enemy state, fellow citizens or non-citizens alike.

In some countries, rights are also more loosely defined to include those who can not speak for their own injustices (where applicable), such as: the environment, plants, animals, government institutions themselves and perhaps even corporations (though the latter two are certainly debatable).

Examples of documents guaranteeing and/or defining its citizens' rights are the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the US Bill of Rights and the British Bill of Rights 1689. An example of aUnited Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights [2][3]


Laws are systems of rules describing how a society may acceptably live, without intrusion upon the rights of others.



A "Constitution" is a founding document setting limitations around government reach to ensure civil liberties. Not all nations enjoy the benefits of a Constitution or similar founding document. The US Constitution is commonly cited as an example of one of the key elements of US Law that allowed the nation to thrive and innovate.



Rules are the regulations and which maintain an organization's (i.e. nation, company, group, etc) societal and moral fabric, in order to maintain internal peace. [7]


Policies are the philosophical and moral projection and management of differences in societal and moral fabric between one organization and another, and the management of an organization'ss own free will. For example, Foreign Policy is a government's policy towards other nations and their relationships with external governments.[8]


Politics is the study of governance through policy-making, law-making and decision-making on behalf of groups of individuals in a specific organization or region (for example a company or nation).


Markets are the cumulative economical exchange of value based around a given concept or category of product, service or material good (minerals and other natural resources).[9]





[12] [13]

[14] [15]

[16] [17]



External Links


  1. wikipedia: Constituency
  2. wikipedia: Rights
  3. wikipedia: Bill of rights
  4. wikipedia: Law
  5. Sharia Law
  6. wikipedia: Constitution
  7. wikipedia: Rules
  8. wikipedia: Policies
  9. wikipedia: Markets
  10. America in 1950 - U.S. releases gold mine of Census data after 72-year waiting period:
  11. US National Archives -- Questions Asked on the 1950 Census:
  12. How'd they vote?: | SRC
  13. How'd they vote - MP stats:
  14. Canada 2030 agenda:
  15. Towards Canada’s 2030 Agenda National Strategy:
  16. wikipedia: Constitution of Canada
  17. Government of Canada - The Canadian Constitution:
  18. The Stages of Learning – Unconsciously Competent (Quadrant 4):
  19. Charter of Rights & Freedoms:
  20. The FBI Just Released Bigfoot’s Official File:

See Also

E-Government | Business | Security | Law | Tax | Economy | Copyright | a11Y | i18n | Voting | Poll | Statistics