Project Management

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Project Management is the organization and maintenance of the ongoing strategical direction/vision for a given project, and for communication of status of that project to its stakeholders (management, executives, owners, board of directors, possibly even shareholders, customers, the general public, etc).


Project Manager

A Project Manager (sometimes also abbreviated as PM or possibly as PMP for Project Management Professional) is a member of a company, department, team or workforce consultant whose role is to take responsibility for a project's fulfillment from beginning to end (or possibly part way through to end, in the case of troubled/re-hashed projects), all the while ensuring the project is completed to all specifications/requirements, including as many of the "nice-to-haves", well-tested, reliable, and turned in on time and on budget.

PMO

Having a Project Management Office (PMO) is a model whereby a specific company will separate Project Managers (PMs) from the rest of the company, such that any given PM in the PMO is "leased out" to a specific team only for a period of time while they work towards delivering one or more (but preferring to focus on one at a time) specific project(s), after which time, the PM will be returned to the PMO for a new assignment with a new team. This differs greatly from the residency model where each department of a company and/or team within the department has their own dedicated PM(s) for day-to-day operations and/or project they may work on.

Centralizing the PMs in the manner of a PMO makes it much easier to have a single-view of projects across the company, however comes with the downside of PMs potentially being seen as "strangers" (if not tyrannical overlords, aka. Micro-Managers) to the team they are assigned to manage or work with.

[1] [2]

PLM

Product Life-cycle Management (PLM) is the succession of strategies used by business management as a product goes through its life-cycle. The conditions in which a product is sold (advertising, saturation) changes over time and must be managed as it moves through its succession of stages.

The life of PLM is typically an entire product/service's lifetime.

PDLC

A similar concept called "Program/Project Development Life-Cycle" (in that case abbreviated PDLC) is concerned with enhancing or changing a product or service in a manner which reflects specific customer, business, and organizational needs.

The life of PDLC is typically an specific project's lifetime within a larger product/service (such as a feature build).

SDLC

[3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]


DSDM

[11] [12] [13] [14] [15]


Requirements

[16] [17] [18] [19] [20]


Planning

CPM

PERT

[21] [22] [23]


Gantt


Teamwork

[24]

RACI

  1. Responsible
  2. Accountable
  3. Consulted
  4. Informed

AAR

After Action Review (AAR) is a protocol used by the US Military as a formal post-mortem.

[25] [26] [27] [28]

Blameless Post-Mortem

[29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38]

Productivity

The goal of any Project Management task, plan or framework, is typically to improve Productivity (whether of processes, people/workers, applications, products, services, etc). According to Wikipedia: "Productivity is an average measure of the efficiency of production. It can be expressed as the ratio of output to inputs used in the production process, i.e. output per unit of input.

When all outputs and inputs are included in the productivity measure it is called total productivity. Outputs and inputs are defined in the total productivity measure as their economic values. The value of outputs minus the value of inputs is a measure of the income generated in a production process. It is a measure of total efficiency of a production process and as such the objective to be maximized in production process.

Productivity measures that use one or more inputs or factors, but not all factors, are called partial productivities. A common example in economics is labor productivity, usually expressed as output per hour. At the company level, typical partial productivity measures are such things as worker hours, materials or energy per unit of production.

In macroeconomics the approach is different. In macroeconomics one wants to examine an entity of many production processes and the output is obtained by summing up the value-added created in the single processes. This is done in order to avoid the double accounting of intermediate inputs. Value-added is obtained by subtracting the intermediate inputs from the outputs. The most well-known and used measure of value-added is the GDP (Gross Domestic Product). It is widely used as a measure of the economic growth of nations and industries. GDP is the income available for paying capital costs, labor compensation, taxes and profits." [39]


Workforce Productivity is the amount of goods and services that a worker produces in a given amount of time. It is one of several types of productivity that economists measure. Workforce productivity can be measured for a firm, a process, an industry, or a country. It is often referred to as labor productivity.

The OECD defines it as "the ratio of a volume measure of output to a volume measure of input"[40] Volume measures of output are normally gross domestic product (GDP) or gross value added (GVA), expressed at constant prices i.e. adjusted for inflation. The three most commonly used measures of input are:

  1. hours worked;
  2. workforce jobs; and
  3. number of people in employment.

[41]

Other than these generic metrics, management may seek to establish and measure a number of other more specialized Key Performance Metrics (or KPIs) of their industry, business performance, product/service performance and employee workplace performance, such as in IT for a Programmer or a Software Development team:

  1. number of lines of code written per day
  2. estimates coming in on-time/budget .vs. delays (or total hours delayed)
  3. Bugs/Issues fixed per day
  4. ratio of bugs introduced in new code
  5. test case statuses (in TDD, % of code passing pre-tests at given point in project timeline)
  6. number of re-tests required (pass/fail ratio)
  7. Code Coverage (test cases created per line of code)
  8. major errors introduced (which prevent Builds/Deploys or completion of SLAs)
  9. minor errors/side-effects introduced (which don't prevent Builds/Deploys/SLAs but may negatively impact end-user satisfaction in some way, bounce rates, etc)
  10. application performance (uptime/downtime, query execution time, UI responsiveness, etc)
  11. adherence to Coding Styles (organizational or department/team/app-specific)

[42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62]


Time Audit

If you find yourself saying "I just don't have time to X" (i.e. take a night time class, ) it would be useful to fill out a time audit. Copy the following down on a sheet of paper or Excel spreadsheet and write in your numbers.

Work: ______ Weekly Hours
Sleep: ______ Weekly Hours
Commute: ______ Weekly Hours
Errands: ______ Weekly Hours
Family Time: ______ Weekly Hours
Add the above numbers. That’s your “Total Hours”

Now do this equation: 168 - (Total Hours) = Weekly hours you have for fitness. Now stop making excuses. [63]

Context-switching

Burnout

Burnout is a scenario where an employee or member of a group either emotionally or physically crashes, disconnects or encounters an ailment that prevents their continued productive participation in the group, organization or initiative that caused the Burnout.

[64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70]

[71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

[80] [81] [82] [83] [84] [85] [86] [87] [88] [89] [90]

Resiliency

"Resiliency" is the ability to deal with and recover from (if not thrive as a result of) challenges of all types. Relevant topics include Sustainability, Human Resources and Security.

[91] [92]

GTD

Getting Things Done (GTD).

[93] [94] [95] [96] [97] [98]


Checklist

[99] [100] [101] [102] [103]

Napworking

KPI

See KPI

KPP

See KPP (Key Performance Indicator)


KPM

See KPM (Key Performance Metric/Measure)

KRI

See KRI (Key Risk Indicator)


OGSM

OKR

See OKR (Objectives and Key Results)


Tools

[111][112][113][114][115][116][117]


Scheduling

Time/Task Tracking

Defect Tracking

See: Defect Management

Document Publishing/Editing

Speed-Reading


Resources


Tutorials

[122][123] [124][125][126][127]


External Links

[140] [141] [142] [143] [144] [145] [146] [147] [148] [149] [150] [151] [152] [153] [154] [155] [156] [157] [158] [159] [160] [161] [162] [163] [164] [165] [166] [167] [168] [169]

[176] [177] [178] [179][180][181][182]

[183] [184] [185] [186] [187]


References

  1. The PMO is dead; long live the PMO! by Jonathan Smart, Head of Working Ways (Barclays' presentation at DevOps Enterprise): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-fol1vkPlM
  2. The PMO is dead; long live the PMO!: https://agilemichaeldougherty.wordpress.com/2015/10/06/the-pmo-is-dead-long-live-the-pmo/comment-page-1/
  3. History of the Software Development Life Cycle: https://www.techopedia.com/definition/22193/software-development-life-cycle-sdlc
  4. NIST -- THE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE (SDLC): https://csrc.nist.gov/CSRC/media/Publications/Shared/documents/itl-bulletin/itlbul2009-04.pdf
  5. Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC): https://sdlc.uconn.edu (nice linear diagram, unfortunately it doesn't always work that way or "flow smoothly")
  6. What Is SDLC: https://www.educba.com/what-is-sdlc/
  7. PMI - Project managing the SDLC: https://www.pmi.org/learning/library/project-managing-sdlc-8232
  8. PMI - Integration of the project management life cycle (PMLC) and the systems development life cycle (SDLC) in accelerated project efforts: https://www.pmi.org/learning/library/integration-pmlc-sdlc-7262
  9. SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) Phases, Methodologies, Process, and Models: https://www.softwaretestinghelp.com/software-development-life-cycle-sdlc/
  10. Phases & Models of Software Development Life Cycle: https://www.guru99.com/software-development-life-cycle-tutorial.html
  11. What Is DSDM?: https://www.codeproject.com/Articles/5097/What-Is-DSDM
  12. DSDM -- A Step-by-Step-Guide: https://www.toolsqa.com/agile/dsdm-guide/
  13. DSDM is an Agile method that focuses on the full project lifecycle: https://www.agilebusiness.org/page/whatisdsdm
  14. What Is DSDM (Dynamic Systems Development Method)?: https://theqalead.com/topics/dsdm-dynamic-systems-development-method/
  15. Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM): https://erainnovator.com/dynamic-systems-development-method-dsdm/
  16. Preventing Scope Creep, Scope Grope & Scope Leap from Killing Your Projects!: http://www.inflectra.com/Ideas/Entry/preventing-scope-creep-grope-and-leap-from-killing-752.aspx
  17. Automating the International Council On Systems Engineering (INCOSE) Guide for Writing Requirements: https://qracorp.com/incose-requirements-guide/
  18. 5 Requirements Lessons from a Robot: https://qracorp.com/5-requirements-lessons-from-a-robot/
  19. Anticipate more project "Requirements", meet more "Deadlines": https://www.mountaingoatsoftware.com/blog/the-three-types-of-requirements (3 main types of requirements: Known, Overlooked & Emergent)
  20. Software Development Time Estimation - Best Ways of Calculation (depending on Requirement type): https://dzone.com/articles/software-development-time-estimation-best-ways-of?edition=702399
  21. US Navy -- Program Evaluation Research Task (PERT) - summary report. Phase 2.: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100954569
  22. What Is a PERT Chart?: https://www.productplan.com/glossary/pert-chart/
  23. What Is a PERT Chart?: https://www.projectmanager.com/pert-chart
  24. Collaboration Overload: https://hbr.org/2016/01/collaborative-overload
  25. GUIDE TO THE AFTER ACTION REVIEW: https://www.cebma.org/wp-content/uploads/Guide-to-the-after_action_review.pdf
  26. A LEADER'S GUIDE TO AFTER-ACTION REVIEWS: http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/tc_25-20/tc25-20.pdf
  27. US Military AAR process -- Chapter 1 - The After-Action Review: http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/tc_25-20/chap1.htm
  28. https://www.acq.osd.mil/dpap/ccap/cc/jcchb/Files/Topical/After_Action_Report/template/aar_sample.docx
  29. Etsy’s Debriefing Facilitation Guide for Blameless Postmortems: https://codeascraft.com/2016/11/17/debriefing-facilitation-guide/
  30. "Blameless" postmortems don't work -- Here's what does.: https://techbeacon.com/app-dev-testing/blameless-postmortems-dont-work-heres-what-does
  31. Blameless PostMortems and a Just Culture: https://codeascraft.com/2012/05/22/blameless-postmortems/
  32. Etsy's Winning Secret -- Don't Play The Blame Game!: https://www.businessinsider.com/etsy-chad-dickerson-blameless-post-mortem-2012-5
  33. Morgue -- Etsy's Post-Morten tracker (PHP): https://github.com/etsy/morgue
  34. Blameless Post Mortems -- How do you respond when things go wrong?: https://www.kennorton.com/newsletter/2016-04-20-bringing-the-donuts.html
  35. 5 Whys – how we conduct blameless post-mortems after something goes wrong: code.hootsuite.com/blameless-post-mortems/
  36. Why Blameless Post-Mortems are Essential: https://victorops.com/blog/blameless-post-mortems-essential
  37. How to Conduct a Blameless Security Post-Mortem: https://www.threatstack.com/blog/how-to-conduct-a-blameless-security-post-mortem
  38. Blameless Post-Mortem Meeting Template: https://dev.to/dev3l/blameless-port-mortem-meeting-template
  39. wikipedia: Productivity
  40. OECD Manual on Measuring Productivity in the Workforce: http://www.oecd.org/std/productivity-stats/2352458.pdf
  41. wikipedia: Workforce productivity
  42. THE APPLICATION OF GOLDRATT’S THINKINGPROCESS TO PROBLEM SOLVING: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.528.3950&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  43. Julie Wright & Russ King -- “We all fall down”: https://www.prolificliving.com/julie-wright-we-all-fall-down/
  44. Book Notes - It's Not Luck: https://steevsbooknotes.blogspot.ca/2008/04/book-notes-its-not-luck.html
  45. Examples of core problems in Theory of Constraints: https://www.coursehero.com/file/ppeu7t/The-following-are-examples-of-core-problems-in-organizations-Management-that-is/
  46. Working hours at this shrimp processing and packaging plant are outlined as: “Whenever the heck you feel like it.": https://soranews24.com/2018/08/02/working-at-osaka-shrimp-company-has-only-one-rule-dont-do-any-work-that-you-dont-want-to-do/
  47. Top 12 Things That Destroy Developer Productivity: https://dzone.com/articles/top-12-things-that-destroy-developer-productivity
  48. Forget About the 10x Developer, Focus on 3x Instead: https://dzone.com/articles/forget-about-the-10x-developer-focus-on-3x-instead-1
  49. How To Be Productive According To Ancient Philosophy: https://dariusforoux.com/productivity-ancient-philosophy/ development-how-to-choose-between-incremental-and-fundamental-change/
  50. How to Spend The First Hour of Your Work Day on High-Value Tasks: https://medium.com/swlh/how-to-spend-the-first-hour-of-your-work-day-on-high-value-work-575dc56d2ee4
  51. Pat Lencioni -- The Five Dysfunctions of a Team (AUDIOBOOK): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjFlxPyt8sg
  52. Defining Productivity: https://jeremy.codes/blog/defining-productivity/
  53. Work Less, Get More Done -- Analytics For Maximizing Productivity: https://www.kalzumeus.com/2009/10/04/work-smarter-not-harder/
  54. Silicon Valley Ruined Work Culture Everywhere: https://www.wired.com/story/how-silicon-valley-ruined-work-culture/
  55. How Eventbrite prioritizes developer productivity: https://kelda.io/blog/eventbrite-interview/
  56. Maximizing Developer Effectiveness: https://martinfowler.com/articles/developer-effectiveness.html
  57. Drive Alignment -- 5 Strategies for Burning Down Silos and Building Bridges: https://www.productplan.com/driving-alignment-burning-silos-building-bridges/
  58. Maker's Schedule, Manager's Schedule: http://www.paulgraham.com/makersschedule.html
  59. One Thing Steve Jobs Did at Apple That Will Instantly Improve Your Productivity: https://getpocket.com/explore/item/one-thing-steve-jobs-did-at-apple-that-will-instantly-improve-your-productivity
  60. These 6 Types of Music Are Known to Dramatically Improve Productivity: https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/325492
  61. The SPACE of Developer Productivity: https://queue.acm.org/detail.cfm?id=3454124
  62. How To Be More Productive by Working Less: https://markmanson.net/how-to-be-more-productive
  63. 6 tools that are more powerful than to-do lists for productivity: https://www.fastcompany.com/90484724/6-tools-that-are-more-powerful-than-to-do-lists-for-productivity
  64. wikipedia: Burnout
  65. How Great Leaders Avoid Burnout: https://www.inc.com/ilan-mochari/leaders-rise-fall.html
  66. Daily time spent with media worldwide from 2011 to 2021 (in minutes): https://www.statista.com/statistics/256300/time-spent-with-media-worldwide/ (as of 2018-2019, daily screen time has exceeded 7.7hrs)
  67. I quit the tech industry: https://eev.ee/blog/2015/06/09/i-quit-the-tech-industry/
  68. When the CEO Burns Out: https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887323687604578469124008524696
  69. The "Set-Up-To-Fail" Syndrome: https://hbr.org/1998/03/the-set-up-to-fail-syndrome
  70. Workism Is Making Americans Miserable: https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/02/religion-workism-making-americans-miserable/583441/
  71. Beating Burnout: https://hbr.org/2016/11/beating-burnout
  72. Stuck In A Rut? How Passion Projects Can Reignite Your Motivation: https://blog.trello.com/passion-projects-at-work
  73. 'Job Crafting' -- The Great Opportunity In The Job You Already Have: https://www.forbes.com/sites/groupthink/2013/06/20/job-crafting-the-great-opportunity-in-the-job-you-already-have/#1db374ff25df
  74. Crafting a Job -- Revisioning Employees as Active Crafters of Their Work: http://faculty.som.yale.edu/amywrzesniewski/documents/Craftingajob_Revisioningemployees_000.pdf
  75. We Teach Who We Are -- Creativity in the Lives and Practices of Accomplished Teachers: http://www.tcrecord.org/content.asp?contentid=17947
  76. How The Most Successful People Conquer Burnout: https://www.fastcompany.com/3037554/how-the-most-successful-people-conquer-burnout
  77. Overwhelmed by your to-do lists? Try this simple solution -- Daily WIP limit of 3 items: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2019/jul/05/how-to-tackle-your-to-do-lists-oliver-burkeman
  78. "fika" -- Boost Your Team’s Productivity With This Swedish Coffee Break: https://blog.trello.com/team-productivity-fika
  79. Why Restorative Rest Makes You More Productive And How To Achieve It: https://blog.trello.com/achieve-restorative-rest-productivity
  80. How Millennials Became The Burnout Generation: https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/annehelenpetersen/millennials-burnout-generation-debt-work
  81. Young People Are Going to Save Us All From Office Life: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/17/style/generation-z-millennials-work-life-balance.html
  82. Embracing, Passing, Revealing, and the Ideal Worker Image -- How People Navigate Expected and Experienced Professional Identities: https://pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/orsc.2015.0975
  83. The American Working Conditions Survey Finds That More Than Half of Retirees Would Return to Work: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9973.html
  84. Tips From Job Burnout Survivors -- How To Heal From An Overachiever Attitude: https://blog.trello.com/job-burnout-how-to-fix-the-aftermath-of-an-overachiever-attitude
  85. Your Realistic Guide To Beating Burnout (Because A Vacation Isn’t The Answer): https://blog.trello.com/guide-to-burnout
  86. When A Psychologist Succumbed To Stress, He Coined The Term 'Burnout': https://www.npr.org/2016/12/08/504864961/when-a-psychologist-succumbed-to-stress-he-coined-the-term-burnout
  87. 6 Causes of Employee Burnout and How to Prevent Them : https://peakon.com/blog/employee-success/how-to-prevent-employee-burnout/
  88. "Burnout" Crisis at Work Threatens Post-Pandemic Workplaces: https://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/-burnout-crisis-at-work-threatens-post-pandemic-workplaces-832425557.html
  89. Use the Science of Ultradian Rhythms To Boost Productivity, Energy, and Willpower: https://www.bluezones.com/2020/06/how-taking-breaks-can-increase-productivity-boost-energy-levels-and-help-you-show-up-in-your-life/#
  90. Manage Your Energy, Not Your Time: https://hbr.org/2007/10/manage-your-energy-not-your-time
  91. Howatt HR consulting -- Free book & white paper resources: https://www.howatthr.com/white-papers/
  92. Howatt HR consulting -- Articles & Podcasts on "resiliency": https://www.howatthr.com/howatthr-articles/#howatt-podcasts
  93. wikipedia: Getting Things Done
  94. The Art of Stress-Free Productivity -- David Allen at TEDxClaremontColleges: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHxhjDPKfbY
  95. GTD 101 -- The Beginner’s Guide To Getting Things Done: http://www.asianefficiency.com/task-management/gtd-intro/
  96. The GTD Approach To Maximizing Productivity With Trello: https://blog.trello.com/gtd-getting-things-done-maximizing-productivity-trello
  97. Productivity 101 -- A Primer to the Getting Things Done (GTD) Philosophy: https://lifehacker.com/productivity-101-a-primer-to-the-getting-things-done-1551880955
  98. Getting Things Done® -- A Complete Guide for Beginners and How To Implement GTD in Paymo: https://medium.com/paymo/getting-things-done-a-complete-guide-for-beginners-and-how-to-implement-gtd-in-paymo-3985adfc8ded
  99. Atul Gawande's 'Checklist' For Surgery Success: https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=122226184
  100. Can a simple, safe childbirth checklist save lives in developing countries?: https://www.gatesnotes.com/Health/Can-a-Simple-Safe-Childbirth-Checklist-Save-Lives-in-Developing-Countries
  101. A Surgical Safety Checklist to Reduce Morbidity and Mortality in a Global Population: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa0810119
  102. Atul Gawande’s surgical checklist fails in one real world study: https://thehcc.tv/2019/04/05/atul-gawandes-surgical-checklist-fails-in-real-world-study/ (proves training and rewards/penalties play role in adherence or use of checklist)
  103. How To Prioritize Tasks As A Team When Everything Seems Important: https://blog.trello.com/prioritize-tasks-as-a-team
  104. Meeting report: https://meeting-report.com/ (visual breakdown of the waste inherent in excessive or poorly planned/executed meetings)
  105. PomoDone: https://pomodoneapp.com
  106. ToMighty: http://tomighty.org
  107. Pomodoro Timers: http://www.online-timers.com/pomodoro-timers
  108. Pomodoro Tracker: https://pomodoro-tracker.com
  109. Moosti: http://www.moosti.com
  110. The Best Pomodoro Timer Apps & Online Tools: https://www.lifewire.com/best-pomodoro-timer-apps-4134461
  111. Productivity 101 -- A Primer to The Pomodoro Technique: https://lifehacker.com/productivity-101-a-primer-to-the-pomodoro-technique-1598992730
  112. How to use a Pomodoro Timer -- The quick start guide to using the Pomodoro technique: https://medium.com/keep-productive/how-to-use-a-pomodoro-timer-f9d172132981
  113. Pomodairo Is a Pomodoro-Based Timer and Task Tracking Tool: https://lifehacker.com/5682508/pomodairo-is-a-pomodoro-based-timer-and-task-tracking-tool
  114. How the Pomodoro technique works (with Kanbanflow): https://kanbanflow.com/pomodoro-technique
  115. DIY Pomodoro Timer on MAc: https://heyfocus.com/docs/features/pomodoro-timer/
  116. How I built my Pomodoro Clock app (in ES6), and the lessons I learned along the way: https://medium.freecodecamp.org/how-i-built-my-pomodoro-clock-app-and-the-lessons-i-learned-along-the-way-51288983f5ee | DEMO
  117. Make Time Your Friend with the Pomodoro Technique on TODOist: https://doist.com/blog/pomodoro-todoist/
  118. How to estimate a UX project: https://medium.com/swlh/how-to-estimate-a-ux-project-c1dcc16fad46
  119. Time Tracking - Hassle or Help? Freckle Enlightens: http://blog.nerdburn.com/entries/tips-for-freelancers/time-tracking-hassle-or-help-letsfreckle-enlightens
  120. The Optimism Bias: http://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2074067,00.html
  121. Schedule Your Day With the Pomodoro Technique: https://blog.teamwork.com/pomodoro-technique-2/
  122. Why I Killed My Standing Desk: https://crew.co/blog/why-i-killed-my-standing-desk/
  123. We Tested Standing Desks—Here’s Proof They Make You More Productive: http://readwrite.com/2013/09/26/standing-desks-productivity/
  124. The standing desk -- I am a convert: http://chrisblattman.com/2013/03/25/the-standing-desk-i-am-a-convert/
  125. Why are stand-up desks so expensive?: http://www.quora.com/Why-are-stand-up-desks-so-expensive (answers indicate: THEY DON'T HAVE TO BE)
  126. Become a Stand-Up Guy -- The History, Benefits, and Use of Standing Desks: http://www.artofmanliness.com/2011/07/05/become-a-stand-up-guy-the-history-benefits-and-use-of-standing-desks/
  127. The Programmer's Price: http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/11/24/programmers-price
  128. wikipedia: Henry Gantt
  129. wikipedia: Karol Adamiecki
  130. How Do Gantt Charts Make Project Managers’ Lives Easier?: https://dzone.com/articles/how-do-gantt-charts-make-project-managers-life-eas
  131. RASCI Responsibility Matrix: https://managementmania.com/en/rasci-responsibility-matrix
  132. How To Improve Your Team By Playing One Of These 4 “D.A.C.I.” Roles: http://robdkelly.com/blog/getting-things-done/daci-approach-teamwork/
  133. How the Peter Principle Works: http://money.howstuffworks.com/peter-principle.htm/printable
  134. Incompetence Rains, Er, Reigns - What The Peter Principle Means Today: http://www.forbes.com/sites/robasghar/2014/08/14/incompetence-rains-er-reigns-what-the-peter-principle-means--today/print/
  135. Deliberate Practice and Performance in Music, Games, Sports, Education, and Professions: http://pss.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/06/30/0956797614535810.abstract
  136. Scientific Speed Reading - How to Read 300% Faster in 20 Minutes: http://fourhourworkweek.com/2009/07/30/speed-reading-and-accelerated-learning/
  137. Myth -- If You Can’t Measure It, You Can’t Manage It: https://blog.deming.org/2015/08/myth-if-you-cant-measure-it-you-cant-manage-it/
  138. The Two Most Important Quotes In Business: https://www.growthink.com/content/two-most-important-quotes-business
  139. You Can’t Improve What you Don’t Measure: http://www.littlethingsmatter.com/blog/2010/08/23/You-Cant-Improve-What-you-Dont-Measure/
  140. Wofklex & Manufacturing Guide: http://www.whenworkworks.org/downloads/manufacturing-guide.pdf
  141. Guide to Flexible Work Arrangements For leaders and employees: https://www.ryerson.ca/content/dam/hr/work-life/docs/guide-flexible-work-arrangements.pdf
  142. JETRO - Japans' Legislation on working hours, breaks and days off: https://www.jetro.go.jp/en/invest/setting_up/section4/page5.html
  143. Tech company Verve lets employees choose their hours, where they work: https://www.businessinsider.com/verve-employees-choose-their-hours-where-they-work-2018-5
  144. The Real Reason They Won't Let You Work Flexible Hours: https://www.forbes.com/sites/lizryan/2018/03/01/the-real-reason-they-wont-let-you-work-flexible-hours
  145. How to get flexible work hours: https://www.todaysparent.com/family/how-to-get-flexible-work-hours/
  146. CANADA -- Federal Government - Flexible work arrangements, What was heard: https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/services/consultations/what-was-heard.html
  147. Why Flexible Working Hours Make Employees More Productive: https://www.inc.com/women-2/why-flexible-working-hours-actually-makes-employees-more-productive.html
  148. WANT TO MAXIMIZE YOUR PRODUCTIVITY? WORK WEEKENDS (but reduce weekday in-office hours): https://women2.com/2015/04/29/want-to-maximize-your-productivity-work-weekends/?hvid=4zy6jt
  149. 4 Reasons to Offer Employees Flexible Schedules: https://mashable.com/2013/06/19/flexible-work/#4Nt3gCfiwmq_
  150. Flexible work arrangements -- 7 benefits your business is missing out on: https://www.roberthalf.com.au/blog/employers/flexible-work-arrangements-7-benefits-your-business-missing-out
  151. Most Canadian businesses offer flexible work hours — at least to the boss: study: http://www.canada.com/business/Most+Canadian+businesses+offer+flexible+work+hours+least+boss+study/4437824/story.html
  152. How Companies Can Implement Flexible Work Arrangements: https://www.workflexibility.org/how-companies-can-implement-flexible-work-arrangements/
  153. Flexible Hours Aren't Working As Well As Companies Say: https://static2.businessinsider.com/flexible-hours-arent-working-as-well-as-companies-say-2012-2
  154. Do you work more than 39 hours a week? Your job could be killing you (slowly but surely): https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2018/jan/15/is-28-hours-ideal-working-week-for-healthy-life
  155. Get the work/life balance you need: https://codewithoutrules.com/worklife/
  156. 8-to-4 is a more popular work schedule than 9-to-5: https://today.yougov.com/topics/lifestyle/articles-reports/2017/11/29/8-4-more-popular-work-schedule-9-5
  157. Want Your Employees to Work More? Let Them Set Their Own Schedules: https://www.inc.com/jessica-stillman/want-your-employees-to-work-more-let-them-set-their-own-schedules.html
  158. Why Americans and Britons work such long hours: https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2018/12/22/why-americans-and-britons-work-such-long-hours
  159. Your Employees' Tech Addiction Is Your Problem: https://www.inc.com/jessica-stillman/your-employees-tech-addiction-is-your-problem.html
  160. Flexible Work Schedules: https://www.thebalancecareers.com/what-is-a-flexible-work-schedule-2063677
  161. The Death of the 8-Hour Shift: https://www.industryweek.com/labor-employment-policy/death-8-hour-shift
  162. Japan needs a working hours overhaul: https://www.ft.com/content/05228b38-ddd3-11e4-8d14-00144feab7de
  163. Long hours, no extra pay -- what it’s like to work in Japan: https://www.raconteur.net/business-innovation/japan-work-culture
  164. Job perks on rise in Japan as labor crunch reshapes how companies attract workers: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/08/05/business/job-perks-rise-japan-labor-crunch-reshapes-companies-attract-workers/#.XOG7yaR7lis
  165. Japanese firms encourage their dozy workers to sleep on the job : https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/18/japanese-firms-encourage-workers-sleep-on-job
  166. Why Japanese Factories Work (1981): https://hbr.org/1981/07/why-japanese-factories-work
  167. Working at Osaka shrimp company has only one rule: Don’t do any work that you don’t want to do
  168. Clocking off -- Japan calls time on long-hours work culture: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/22/japan-long-hours-work-culture-overwork-paid-holiday-law
  169. wikipedia: Japanese work environment
  170. Alibaba's Jack Ma 'to step down and focus on philanthropy': https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-45457224
  171. China's punishing"996"work culture: https://www.abacusnews.com/digital-life/follow-chinas-996-work-hours-and-youll-end-icu-says-chinese-developer/article/3003702
  172. OECD -- Future of Work & Skills: https://www.oecd.org/els/emp/wcms_556984.pdf
  173. OECD stats on Job quality: https://www.oecd.org/statistics/job-quality.htm (earnings-focused)
  174. OECD stats -- Hours worked (GLOBAL): https://data.oecd.org/emp/hours-worked.htm
  175. Where is China headed? Five key insights from the 2019 OECD Economic Survey of China: https://oecdecoscope.blog/2019/04/16/where-is-china-headed-five-key-insights-from-the-2019-oecd-economic-survey-of-china/
  176. Burnout Research -- Emergence and Scientific Investigation of a Contested DiagnosisLinda V. Heinemann, Torsten Heinemann: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2158244017697154
  177. New French Law Bars Work Email After Hours: http://fortune.com/2017/01/01/french-right-to-disconnect-law/
  178. These countries work the hardest: http://time.com/4621185/worker-productivity-countries/
  179. Who works the longest hours?: https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-18144319
  180. Americans work longest hours among industrialized countries: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/26/077.html
  181. China needs further reforms to make growth sustainable, greener and more inclusive: https://www.oecd.org/china/china-needs-further-reforms-to-make-growth-sustainable-greener-and-more-inclusive.htm
  182. OECD -- Average annual hours actually worked per worker : https://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx?DataSetCode=ANHRS
  183. Project Management Jokes: https://www.proworkflow.com/blog/2010/10/project-management-jokes/
  184. A Humorous Look at Project Management - Jokes We Can All Enjoy: https://www.brighthubpm.com/methods-strategies/14022-top-five-project-management-jokes/
  185. Just for a Laugh - The Lighter Side of Project Management: https://www.projectsmart.co.uk/just-for-a-laugh-the-lighter-side-of-project-management.php
  186. The Best Project Management Jokes Shared By Project Managers: https://www.inloox.com/company/blog/articles/the-best-project-management-jokes-shared-by-project-managers/
  187. How Projects Are Born — 12 Hilarious Project Management Jokes: https://www.tipsographic.com/project-management-funny-12-hilarious-project-management-jokes/

See Also

Business Plan | Startup | Agile | Collaboration | Optimization | SCM | Design | Programming | Testing | Scheduling | Telecommuting