Robot

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A Robot is any mechanical, electronic or automated device or component with the ability to be programmed to perform one or more tasks.

Today, robots are mostly used to perform a specific (often repetitive) task ranging in complexity from basic chores to tasks involving much more advanced fine motor skills and/or logic. Some common tasks for robots include: vacuuming a floor, folding laundry, cooking food, delivering food, performing a surgery, sensing for motion, doing surveillance tasks such as recording video or audio, lifting heavy items, etc; although more general purpose robots are becoming increasingly common.


Robotics

Cybernetics

E-Skin

[1]

Visual Acuity

See also: Image Recognition

Auditory Senses

[2]

Components

Data

Data can be used to populate a knowledge base for the robot to build its logic from, in order to be capable of interacting with its surroundings in an intelligent and safe manor (AI).

Controller

A microcontroller is used to coordinate operations such as data retrieval or feature activation (signal sending to other components).

CPU

If you wish to control more complex tasks such as balancing multiple simultaneous requests and parallel processing, a Central Processing Unit will be required.

GPU

If you wish to display audio-visual output representing a robot's thought process, navigation path, current live on-board camera view, or other process visualizations, a Graphics Processing Unit would be advisable.

Sensors

In order to interact with the world, the robot but have the capability to sense elements of its surroundings (depending on desired level of sophistication) by collecting data to add to its knowledgebase or analyze in real-time. Common sensors include:

Environmental Sensors

Motion Sensors

Visual sensors

Touch sensors


Robotic control fields

Combinations of sensors and networks deployed in the real-world, similar to WSNs but designed specifically for facilitating and/or limiting (as in "fencing-in" valid operational regions) the functionality of robots.


Turing Test

The Turing Test was a test designed to differentiate computers from humans by showing the lack of cognitive reasoning and true intelligence in machines, but its existence in human subjects. From the original test in the 1950s almost every such test designed to differentiate human and computers, or, to disprove cognitive abilities of machines, has been dubbed a "turing test". Despite their widespread acceptance, Turing Tests have also been widely criticized for their applicability, verifiability and fairness in scoring criteria among other things.[3][4][5][6][7]


Three Laws

Isaac Asimov famously quoted the "Three Laws of Robotics" thusly:

  1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
  2. A robot must obey any orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
  3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.

[8]


Types

Space

One of the first (and most common) usages of high-grade robotics has been in the area of space exploration and research, using technologies including unmanned drones, rovers, robotic orbit satellites, satellite/shuttle/space station repair bots, and reconnaisance/image taking robots, among the many others.

Canadarm

The Canadian Space Agency's Canadarm is a remote-controlled, payload-handling device made up of a number of components, and commonly referred to as a Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS) by those in the Space industry.


Mars Rovers

NASA's twin robot geologists, the Mars Exploration Rovers, launched toward Mars on June 10 and July 7, 2003, in search of answers about the history of water on Mars. They landed on Mars January 3 and January 24 PST, 2004 (January 4 and January 25 UTC, 2004).

The Mars Exploration Rover mission is part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long-term effort of robotic exploration of the red planet.


Other



Air

Predator Drone


Bird

Tiny Chick


Insect SpyBots

[9]


Land

Self-Driving Car

GasRobot


Gastrobots


Big Dog

  • Boston Dynamics builds advanced robots with remarkable behavior: mobility, agility, dexterity and speed. We use sensor-based controls and computation to unlock the capabilities of complex mechanisms: http://www.bostondynamics.com/


Walker


Tank

Automated Paintball Sentry


Bomb Disposable



Water

Amphibious


Fish Bot


Lizard


Snake



Other (non-amphibious) Animals

Caterpillar


Arachnid


Modular Organism


Rat Brain



Humanoid

Geminoid


Asimo


Asimov-esque


Einstein


Leonardo's Robot


Folding


Hospital Bots

da Vinci



Civillian Bots

Home Care

Roomba
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AquaBot & RoboKleen
EmbedVideo was given an illegal value for the alignment parameter "Aquabot T2 Piece of Junk". Valid values are "left", "center", or "right".


Foldy


Toys

AIBO
PLEO


PARO


I-Sobot


Walky


Other
  • Puppy .vs. Robot



BioInformatics

Bionic Vision



Nanotechnology

Nano-Quadrotor (mini-helicopter drones):




Adult Entertainment

Sexual

[14] [15]


Smart Skin

Mannequins


MaleBots

Jules


FemmeBots


AIKO
Geminoid


(Designed For) Male

Tenga


FleshLight



(Designed For) Female

Vibrators


ChinChin Machine


Sybian

Device for vaginal and labial self-stimulation, or, use by a partner.




Tools


Resources


Tutorials


External Links


[21][22][23]
[24][25]



References

  1. E-skin that can feel pain could create new generation of touch-sensitive robots: https://www.gla.ac.uk/news/headline_852760_en.html
  2. A 3D printed human ear has been successfully transplanted in a world-first (using the patient’s own cells): https://interestingengineering.com/3d-printed-human-ear-transplanted
  3. wikipedia: Turing test
  4. Sentient Machines: http://www.flypmedia.com/issues/20/#8/2
  5. http://testing.turinghub.com/
  6. The Turing Test - 50 Years Later: http://crl.ucsd.edu/~saygin/papers/MMTT.pdf
  7. Cleverbot Passes Turing Test, Sits Down for Interview: http://www.geekosystem.com/cleverbot-passes-turing-test/
  8. wikipedia: Three Laws of Robotics
  9. Micro robotic “insect robot” systems get personal: http://www.armybase.us/2009/09/micro-robotic-systems-get-personal/
  10. wikipedia: Bomb disposal
  11. Discovery Health on Sex Robots: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=607W84ldvvI
  12. Can a Robot Consent to Have Sex with You?: http://io9.com/5115376/can-a-robot-consent-to-have-sex-with-you
  13. Inventor unveils $7,000 talking sex robot: http://edition.cnn.com/2010/TECH/02/01/sex.robot/
  14. How Robots, IoT And Artificial Intelligence Are Changing How Humans Have Sex: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/how-robots-iot-artificial-intelligence-changing-humans-bernard-marr/
  15. Amsterdam sex robot BROTHEL 'will help prevent human trafficking and spread of STDs': https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/weird-news/amsterdam-sex-robot-brothel-will-8070584
  16. Sybian History (in the founder's words): http://www.sybian.com/sybian_history.html
  17. Sybian Details: http://www.sybian.com/sybian_details.html
  18. http://proto-pic.co.uk/sparkfun-arduino-inventors-kit/
  19. K-Robot Family - Mobile Robots: http://diwww.epfl.ch/lami/robots/K-family/K-family.html
  20. Robotics goes mainstream - It's now a Boy Scouts merit badge: http://www.zdnet.com/blog/btl/robotics-goes-mainstream-its-now-a-boy-scouts-merit-badge/47099?tag=nl.e539
  21. UEG Tokyo - Kajimoto Laboratory: http://kaji-lab.jp/en/index.php?FrontPage
  22. Japanese boffins build internet kissing machine - Tongue twisting lip locks over IP: http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/05/03/japanese_internet_kissing_machine/
  23. Kiss Transmission Device: http://www.diginfo.tv/2011/05/02/11-0090-r-en.php
  24. LOVOTICS = Love + Robotics: http://lovotics.com/
  25. Wow, First Base Never Looked So Sad - Kissenger, The Robotic Long-Distance Kiss Messenger: http://www.geekologie.com/2012/02/wow-first-base-has-never-looked-so-sad-k.php
  26. Tesla Bot Explained - Do You Need a Household Robot?: https://www.howtogeek.com/751118/tesla-bot-explained-do-you-need-a-household-robot/

See Also

Automation | AI | Machine Learning | Bionics | Cyborg | Microcontroller | Image Recognition | Speech Recognition | Voice Recognition | HCI