Difference between revisions of "Agriculture"

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'''Agriculture''' is the cultivation and growth of plant and/or animal species which can be used as sources of food ([[energy]]) for sustenance of another plant and/or animal species. The modern example of agriculture is farming (i.e. planting vegetables, raising livestock, etc...)
 
'''Agriculture''' is the cultivation and growth of plant and/or animal species which can be used as sources of food ([[energy]]) for sustenance of another plant and/or animal species. The modern example of agriculture is farming (i.e. planting vegetables, raising livestock, etc...)
  
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=== Re-Wilding ===
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=== Regenerative Agriculture ===
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Highly related to Permaculture (but slightly different because of its focus on restoration & healing first and foremost), Regenerative Agriculture (sometimes also referred to simply as ''regenerative farming'') is the classification of any farming technique, gardening approach and/or horticultural intervention (i.e. introcution of plants & species) for the purpose of bringing back the vitality of a specific area. Symptoms which the area being restored may be suffering from .
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include:
 +
 
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* drought
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* water retention issues
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* invasive weeds
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* excessive pests
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* fungal issues (excessive fungus or complete lack of normal balance)
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* bacterial issues (excessive bacteria or complete lack of normal balance)
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* soil (nutrient) imbalances
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* chemicals or other toxic material spills or accumulations
 +
 
 +
==== Re-Wilding ====
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 +
* How gardens, ornamentals & food shrubs/trees help prevent floods & drought: https://imgur.com/gallery/zZCXX0V
  
 
==== Foraging ====
 
==== Foraging ====
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The Reality of Food Self-Sufficiency: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FJv_nCAdCio
 
The Reality of Food Self-Sufficiency: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FJv_nCAdCio
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 +
== Water ==
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=== Well ===
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* How To Drill A Shallow Well And Never Be Without Water: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EL1_yO9AxpM
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<ref>Our Groundwater Connection - preventing contamination: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRSHJpe8pq8</ref>
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<ref>How Wells & Aquifers Actually Work: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bG19b06NG_w</ref>
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<ref>WELL DRILLING 101 - Every Step Explained: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0-KLWEnwiaY</ref>
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<ref>How to Shock a Well in New Brunswick: https://thisisnewbrunswick.ca/how-to-shock-a-well/</ref>
 +
<ref>How to Easily Dig a Well on Your Property: https://www.survivalsullivan.com/how-to-dig-a-well/</ref>
 +
<ref>Well Digging 101 - What to Know Before Digging a Well: https://mosmanwellworks.com/well-digging-101-what-you-need-to-know-before-digging-a-well</ref>
 +
<ref>Province of NB -- Our Water - Private Water Wells: https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/elg/environment/content/water/content/water_cycle/private_water_wells.html | [https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/elg/environment/content/land_waste/content/reference_manual/well_construction_well_water_testing.html Requirements] | [https://www2.snb.ca/content/snb/en/services/services_renderer.3877.Water_Well_Testing.html Testing]</ref>
 +
<ref>Province of Ontario -- Wells on your property: https://www.ontario.ca/page/wells-your-property</ref>
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<ref>How Wells & Aquifers Actually Work: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bG19b06NG_w</ref>
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<ref>2 Breakthroughs That Could Solve the Fresh Water Crisis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OB9waxBe4CQ</ref>
 +
<ref>Can Sea Water Desalination Save The World?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bfr82RB72U8</ref>
 +
<ref>USA TODAY -- Pumped Dry - The Global Crisis of Vanishing Groundwater (DOCUMENTARY): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjsThobgq7Q</ref>
 +
<ref>Undecided - How Nanotech Can Help Solve the Fresh Water Crisis : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D1kqGyPGsF8</ref>
 +
 +
=== Distilling ===
 +
 +
*
  
 
=== Rainwater Harvesting ===
 
=== Rainwater Harvesting ===
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<ref>Best Roofing Materials for Rainwater Harvesting: https://www.southshoreroof.com/best-roofing-materials-for-rainwater-harvesting/</ref>
 
<ref>Best Roofing Materials for Rainwater Harvesting: https://www.southshoreroof.com/best-roofing-materials-for-rainwater-harvesting/</ref>
 
<ref>(More) Best Roofing Materials for Rainwater Harvesting: https://www.doityourself.com/stry/best-roofing-materials-for-rainwater-harvesting</ref>
 
<ref>(More) Best Roofing Materials for Rainwater Harvesting: https://www.doityourself.com/stry/best-roofing-materials-for-rainwater-harvesting</ref>
 +
<ref>'''Rainwater Harvesting QA - Cost, is it Illegal, how I treat, etc (in arid Arizona): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-e6oOyrQ04'''</ref>
  
 
==== Greywater Recycling ====
 
==== Greywater Recycling ====
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* [[wikipedia: Aquaponics]]
 
* [[wikipedia: Aquaponics]]
 +
<ref>Farmer taught how to DIY aquarium and greenhouse to grow aquatic vegetables: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7aVlujrmlg</ref>
  
 
=== Aeroponics ===
 
=== Aeroponics ===
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<ref>Potassium deficiency and flouride toxicity in plants: https://www.sites.ext.vt.edu/newsletter-archive/viticulture/00julaug.html</ref>
 
<ref>Potassium deficiency and flouride toxicity in plants: https://www.sites.ext.vt.edu/newsletter-archive/viticulture/00julaug.html</ref>
 
<ref>Grapevine Problems - Leaf Spots Not Caused by Insects or Disease: https://grapes.extension.org/grapevine-problems-leaf-spots-not-caused-by-insects-or-disease/</ref>
 
<ref>Grapevine Problems - Leaf Spots Not Caused by Insects or Disease: https://grapes.extension.org/grapevine-problems-leaf-spots-not-caused-by-insects-or-disease/</ref>
 +
 +
==== Sсhіzаndrа ====
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* Sсhіzаndrа bеrrу is a very potent аdарtоgеnіс hеrbal vine fruit: https://primalherb.com/the-benefit-of-schisandra-berry/ (balances body undеr ѕtrеѕѕ, by еіthеr ѕtіmulаtіng оr rеlаxіng)
 +
  
 
=== Trees ===
 
=== Trees ===
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==== Cherries ====
 
==== Cherries ====
 +
 +
===== Acerola =====
 +
 +
* What is Acerola (and what are its potential benefits)?: https://www.natural-health-news.com/acerola/
 +
<ref>Local agro processor pushing cherry as a valuable nutritional option: https://www.stabroeknews.com/2020/06/12/business/local-agro-processor-pushing-cherry-as-a-valuable-nutritional-option/</ref>
  
 
==== Plums ====
 
==== Plums ====
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==== Figs ====
 
==== Figs ====
  
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==== Mangosteen ====
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* [[wikipedia: Mangosteen]]
  
 
=== Vegetables ===
 
=== Vegetables ===
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* [[wikipedia: Calendula]]
 
* [[wikipedia: Calendula]]
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===== Saffron =====
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* [[wikipedia: Saffron]]
  
 
===== Mullein =====
 
===== Mullein =====
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* [[wikipedia: Chicken]]
 
* [[wikipedia: Chicken]]
 
* [[wikipedia: List of chicken breeds]]
 
* [[wikipedia: List of chicken breeds]]
 +
<ref>'''Legalizing Backyard Chickens from a Former Chicken Outlaw and Attorney: https://the-chicken-chick.com/legalizing-backyard-chickens-from/'''</ref>
 
<ref>13 Free DIY Chicken Coop Plans: https://www.thespruce.com/free-chicken-coop-plans-1357113</ref>
 
<ref>13 Free DIY Chicken Coop Plans: https://www.thespruce.com/free-chicken-coop-plans-1357113</ref>
 +
<ref>HOW TO BUILD A CHICKEN COOP: https://thecarpentersdaughter.co.uk/woodworking/how-to-build-a-chicken-coop/</ref>
 
<ref>'''How to Design and Build Your Own Portable Chicken Coop: https://www.thespruce.com/build-a-movable-chicken-tractor-3016887'''</ref>
 
<ref>'''How to Design and Build Your Own Portable Chicken Coop: https://www.thespruce.com/build-a-movable-chicken-tractor-3016887'''</ref>
 +
<ref>HOW TO BUILD A (sloped) CHICKEN COOP: https://thecarpentersdaughter.co.uk/woodworking/how-to-build-a-chicken-coop/</ref>
 +
<ref>Chicken Coop Tour (very well-designed/engineered) - Rainwater harvesting, Solar, DIY Feeder, and more!: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bgu7f5cq6cQ</ref>
 
<ref>The Winter Chicken Coop -- to heat or not to heat?! (that is THE question): https://www.timbercreekfarmer.com/Winter-chicken-coop/</ref>
 
<ref>The Winter Chicken Coop -- to heat or not to heat?! (that is THE question): https://www.timbercreekfarmer.com/Winter-chicken-coop/</ref>
 
<ref>How to keep a chicken coop warm in winter: https://thefrugalchicken.com/how-to-keep-a-chicken-coop-warm-in-winter/</ref>
 
<ref>How to keep a chicken coop warm in winter: https://thefrugalchicken.com/how-to-keep-a-chicken-coop-warm-in-winter/</ref>
 
<ref>Top 10 Tips for Building a Chicken Coop: https://www.thespruce.com/building-a-chicken-coop-3016589</ref>
 
<ref>Top 10 Tips for Building a Chicken Coop: https://www.thespruce.com/building-a-chicken-coop-3016589</ref>
 +
<ref>Inside a Chicken Coop: 8 Essential Features: https://www.thehenhousecollection.com/blog/inside-a-chicken-coop/</ref>
 
<ref>Small Chicken Coop with Planter, Clean Out Tray and Nesting Box: https://www.ana-white.com/woodworking-projects/small-chicken-coop-planter-clean-out-tray-and-nesting-box</ref>
 
<ref>Small Chicken Coop with Planter, Clean Out Tray and Nesting Box: https://www.ana-white.com/woodworking-projects/small-chicken-coop-planter-clean-out-tray-and-nesting-box</ref>
 
<ref>'''The Ultimate Guide to Raising Chickens in Winter: https://backyardchickenproject.com/the-ultimate-guide-to-raising-chickens-in-winter/'''</ref>
 
<ref>'''The Ultimate Guide to Raising Chickens in Winter: https://backyardchickenproject.com/the-ultimate-guide-to-raising-chickens-in-winter/'''</ref>
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<ref>Should You Put Heat in the Chicken Coop?: https://backyardchickenproject.com/heat-in-the-chicken-coop/ (no, or not an excessively large/warm one, as if it fails, there's a high risk the flock dies)</ref>
 
<ref>Should You Put Heat in the Chicken Coop?: https://backyardchickenproject.com/heat-in-the-chicken-coop/ (no, or not an excessively large/warm one, as if it fails, there's a high risk the flock dies)</ref>
 
<ref>'''How to Make a Chicken Dust Bath In Just Two Minutes: https://www.ruralsprout.com/homemade-chicken-dust-bath/'''</ref>
 
<ref>'''How to Make a Chicken Dust Bath In Just Two Minutes: https://www.ruralsprout.com/homemade-chicken-dust-bath/'''</ref>
 +
<ref>Chicken Dust Bath - The Ultimate Spa Treatment: https://the-chicken-chick.com/chicken-dust-baths-ultimate-spa/</ref>
 +
<ref>Chicken Anatomy -- The Crop, Impacted Crop & Sour Crop: https://the-chicken-chick.com/chicken-anatomy-crop-impacted-crop-sour/</ref>
 +
<ref>Diatomaceous Earth, DE. The Benefit/Risk Analysis from The Experts: https://the-chicken-chick.com/diatomaceous-earth-de-benefitrisk/</ref>
 +
<ref>The Cut & Dry Truth about Diatomaceous Earth DE & Chickens: https://the-chicken-chick.com/the-cut-dry-truth-about-diatomaceous/</ref>
 
<ref>Raising Chickens On a Dime - 14 Ways To Save Money On Your Flock: https://www.ruralsprout.com/save-money-raising-chickens/</ref>
 
<ref>Raising Chickens On a Dime - 14 Ways To Save Money On Your Flock: https://www.ruralsprout.com/save-money-raising-chickens/</ref>
 
<ref>'''Making Your Own Mealworm Farm 101: https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/make-your-own-mealworm-farm/''' (for feeding birds/pigs)</ref>
 
<ref>'''Making Your Own Mealworm Farm 101: https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/make-your-own-mealworm-farm/''' (for feeding birds/pigs)</ref>
<ref>HOW TO BUILD A (sloped) CHICKEN COOP: https://thecarpentersdaughter.co.uk/woodworking/how-to-build-a-chicken-coop/</ref>
+
<ref>How to Design a Chicken Coop - Automatic Food & Water, Easy to Cleanhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5QjAcTDkBw</ref>
 +
<ref>Inside 13 Amazing Chicken Coops [Pictures to Inspire + Coop Essentials]: https://www.outdoorhappens.com/pictures-of-inside-the-chicken-coop/</ref>
 +
<ref>7 Surprising Rules for Feeding Chickens: https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/7-surprising-rules-for-feeding-chickens/</ref>
 +
<ref>The Deep Litter Method of Waste Management in Chicken Coops: https://the-chicken-chick.com/the-deep-litter-method-of-waste/</ref>
 +
<ref>Chicken Coop Litter - Sand, the Litter Superstar: https://the-chicken-chick.com/chicken-coop-bedding-sand-litter/</ref>
 +
<ref>Pine Shavings in the Coop - The Secret Chicken Killer?: https://www.thefeatherbrain.com/blog/toxic-chicken-coop-pine-shavings</ref>
 +
<ref>What to Put Inside a Chicken Coop – 6 Must-Have Items: https://coopdesignplans.com/what-to-put-inside-a-chicken-coop/</ref>
 +
<ref>8 Tips for CLEAN EGGS from Backyard Chickens: https://the-chicken-chick.com/8-tips-for-clean-eggs-from-backyard/</ref>
 +
<ref>Managing (Chicken) Manure - What to do with all the poo: https://www.backyardchickens.com/articles/managing-manure-what-to-do-with-all-the-poo.76023/</ref>
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<ref>'''Composting and using backyard poultry waste in the home garden: https://web.archive.org/web/20180203194249/https://www.cals.uidaho.edu/edcomm/pdf/CIS/CIS1194.pdf'''</ref>
 +
<ref>The Omlet Guide to Keeping Chickens: https://www.omlet.us/guide/chickens</ref>
 +
<ref>How to Give Your Chicken a Health Check: https://blog.omlet.us/2020/09/14/how-to-give-your-chicken-a-health-check/</ref>
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<ref>'''What Can Chickens Eat? 100 Favorite Chicken Foods on our List!:''' </ref>
 +
<ref>What Not to Feed Chickens - 33 Foods to Avoid: https://backyardchickenproject.com/what-not-to-feed-chickens/</ref>
 +
<ref>What NOT to Feed Chickens - A Complete List: https://wildyards.com/what-not-to-feed-chickens/</ref>
 +
<ref>Can Chickens Eat Watermelon? What You Need To Know!: https://petkeen.com/can-chickens-eat-watermelon/ (YES: just adults though, not for chicks due to the seeds... also beware of pesticides and/or mold on any scraps)</ref>
 +
<ref>Should I Be Worming My Chickens?: https://blog.omlet.us/2020/09/22/should-i-be-worming-my-chickens/</ref>
 +
<ref>Do Backyard Chickens Eat Bugs?: https://backyardables.com/do-backyard-chickens-eat-bugs/</ref>
 +
<ref>The Bugs Your Chickens Love—And Hate!: https://www.hobbyfarms.com/the-bugs-your-chickens-love-and-hate/</ref>
  
 
==== Ducks ====
 
==== Ducks ====
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===== Nitrogen =====
 
===== Nitrogen =====
  
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Nitrogen (N).
  
 
===== Phosphorus =====
 
===== Phosphorus =====
  
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Phosphorus (P).
  
 
===== Potassium =====
 
===== Potassium =====
 +
 +
Potassium (K).
  
  
 
==== Micro-Nutrients ====
 
==== Micro-Nutrients ====
  
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Plant Nutrients Explained - Everything You Ever Need To Know: https://www.epicgardening.com/plant-nutrients/
  
===== Nitrogen =====
+
===== Calcium =====
 +
 
 +
===== Magnesium =====
 +
 
 +
===== Sulfur =====
 +
 
 +
===== Chlorine =====
 +
 
 +
===== Copper =====
 +
 
 +
===== Selenium =====
 +
 
 +
===== Iron =====
 +
 
 +
===== Boron =====
 +
 
 +
===== Molybdenum =====
 +
 
 +
===== Zinc =====
 +
 
 +
===== Carbon =====
 +
 
 +
===== Hydrogen =====
 +
 
 +
===== Oxygen =====
  
 
=== Water ===
 
=== Water ===
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* Garden calculators: http://www.landscapenewbrunswick.com/garden-calculators
 
* Garden calculators: http://www.landscapenewbrunswick.com/garden-calculators
 
* Keepers' Nursery - Pollination partners: https://www.keepers-nursery.co.uk/searchpolpartner.aspx?id=DISCOV
 
* Keepers' Nursery - Pollination partners: https://www.keepers-nursery.co.uk/searchpolpartner.aspx?id=DISCOV
 +
* Farmers’ Almanac - First & Last Frost Dates lookup: https://www.almanac.com/gardening/frostdates
 +
html | [https://www.almanac.com/gardening/frostdates/postalcode/ EX - Moncton, NB]
 +
* Farmers’ Almanac - Garden Planter calculator/guide (by fruit/veggie type): https://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-calendar/postalcode/E1A%208R7
 +
* Fall Foliage Prediction Map: https://smokymountains.com/fall-foliage-map/
  
  
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* '''USDA Plant Database: http://plants.usda.gov/java/''' | [http://plants.usda.gov/java/nameSearch?searchtext=hogweed&keywordquery=hogweed&searchtype=comname&mode=comname EXAMPLE - Hogweed (common name)]<ref>The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Services' PLANTS Database: http://plants.usda.gov/about_plants.html</ref>
 
* '''USDA Plant Database: http://plants.usda.gov/java/''' | [http://plants.usda.gov/java/nameSearch?searchtext=hogweed&keywordquery=hogweed&searchtype=comname&mode=comname EXAMPLE - Hogweed (common name)]<ref>The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Services' PLANTS Database: http://plants.usda.gov/about_plants.html</ref>
* This Genius Cheat Sheet For Gardeners Tells Where And When To Plant Your Vegetables: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/30/growing-vegetables-home-garden-cheat-sheet_n_5630136.html
+
* This Genius Cheat Sheet For Gardeners Tells Where And When To Plant Your Vegetables: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/30/growing-vegetables-home-garden-cheat-sheet_n_5630136.
  
 
* '''Permies - Leading Permaculture message board''': http://www.permies.com/
 
* '''Permies - Leading Permaculture message board''': http://www.permies.com/
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* Bouctouche Farmers Market: http://www.bouctouchefarmersmarket.com/
 
* Bouctouche Farmers Market: http://www.bouctouchefarmersmarket.com/
 
* Fredericton Farmers Market: http://frederictonfarmersmarket.ca/
 
* Fredericton Farmers Market: http://frederictonfarmersmarket.ca/
* Edmonton Auquaponics: http://edmontonaquaponics.org/
+
<ref>Hillsborough, NB -- Village By-Laws - Zoning & Land Use: https://villageofhillsborough.ca/village-of-hillsborough-by-laws/ | [https://www.nbse.ca/media-planning/library/H-Map-Zoning.pdf Zoning Map]</ref>
 +
 
 +
* Edmonton Aquaponics: http://edmontonaquaponics.org/
 
* Japan Aquaponics: http://japan-aquaponics.com/
 
* Japan Aquaponics: http://japan-aquaponics.com/
 
* Backyard Aquaponics: http://www.backyardaquaponics.com/
 
* Backyard Aquaponics: http://www.backyardaquaponics.com/
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* Cornhill Nursery - retail (plants for sale): https://www.cornhillnursery.com/retail.html
 
* Cornhill Nursery - retail (plants for sale): https://www.cornhillnursery.com/retail.html
 +
* The Gardening Journal with Niki Jabbour: https://www.leevalley.com/en-us/discover/the-gardening-journal-with-niki-jabbour | [https://www.youtube.com/user/nikijabbour YouTube] | [https://www.facebook.com/Garden.with.Niki.Jabbour/ FB] | [https://twitter.com/NikiJabbour Twitter]<ref>The Year-round Vegetable Garden with Niki Jabbour: https://joegardener.com/podcast/132-encore-presentation-the-year-round-vegetable-garden-with-niki-jabbour-and-new-tv-episode/</ref>
  
  
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* [[wikipedia: Carrying capacity]]
 
* [[wikipedia: Carrying capacity]]
 
* [[wikipedia: Bolting (horticulture)]]
 
* [[wikipedia: Bolting (horticulture)]]
 +
* [[wikipedia: Dibber]]
 
* Permaculture works with, not against, ecosystems: http://blogs.worldwatch.org/nourishingtheplanet/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/Global-climate-change-The-Oregonian-climate-change-and-agriculture.pdf
 
* Permaculture works with, not against, ecosystems: http://blogs.worldwatch.org/nourishingtheplanet/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/Global-climate-change-The-Oregonian-climate-change-and-agriculture.pdf
 
* World water day - which countries have improved access to safe drinking water?: http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2012/mar/22/who-water-sanitation-goals
 
* World water day - which countries have improved access to safe drinking water?: http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2012/mar/22/who-water-sanitation-goals
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* The man who helped feed the world: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-47643456
 
* The man who helped feed the world: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-47643456
 
* Farmers Fight John Deere Over Who Gets to Fix an $800,000 Tractor: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2020-03-05/farmers-fight-john-deere-over-who-gets-to-fix-an-800-000-tractor
 
* Farmers Fight John Deere Over Who Gets to Fix an $800,000 Tractor: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2020-03-05/farmers-fight-john-deere-over-who-gets-to-fix-an-800-000-tractor
 +
 +
* Frank Perdue’s Legacy of Animal Abuse (particularly chickens): https://www.peta.org/features/frank-perdues-legacy-animal-abuse/
 +
* Perdue Family Farms story (from their perspective): https://www.perduefarms.com/en-US/perdue-farms-story/our-story-page.html
 +
* PBS -- FrontLine - Poisoned Waters: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poisonedwaters/etc/script.html | [https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/documentary/poisonedwaters/ VIDEO]
 +
* NYT - (Frank) Perdue Goes to the Farm With an Earnest Approach: https://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/27/business/media/27adco.html
 +
* Chicken King (Frank Perdue) Says He Dealt With Mafia Boss (1986-03-07): https://apnews.com/article/1262fa72b6975338852fbd6a67899d66
 +
* The Perdue Family created a poultry dynasty - Hatching a Legend: https://www.cnbc.com/id/100010303
 +
* Powerful Documentary Blows Whistle on Chicken Industry - A Meat and Dairy Industries Article from "All-Creatures.org": https://www.all-creatures.org/articles/mdi-whistleblower-perdue.html | [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5b9yhm3FfSM VIDEO]<ref>Cock Fight – Meet the Farmer Blowing the Whistle on Big Chicken: https://foodwhistleblower.org/fusion-cock-fight-meet-the-farmer-blowing-the-whistle-on-big-chicken/</ref>
 +
<ref>Frank Perdue, 84; Used Down-Home Charm to Pitch His Poultry Product: https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2005-apr-02-me-perdue2-story.html</ref>
 +
 
* A Quiet Revolution in Botany -- Plants Form Memories: https://getpocket.com/explore/item/a-quiet-revolution-in-botany-plants-form-memories
 
* A Quiet Revolution in Botany -- Plants Form Memories: https://getpocket.com/explore/item/a-quiet-revolution-in-botany-plants-form-memories
 
* Workers Keeping Americans Fed Are Going Hungry in the Heartland: https://www.bloomberg.com/features/2020-hunger-minnesota-pandemic/
 
* Workers Keeping Americans Fed Are Going Hungry in the Heartland: https://www.bloomberg.com/features/2020-hunger-minnesota-pandemic/
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* Economic, political, and futurist agendas: https://aleph-2020.blogspot.com/2020/08/ideologies-and-vested-interests.html
 
* Economic, political, and futurist agendas: https://aleph-2020.blogspot.com/2020/08/ideologies-and-vested-interests.html
 
* Bill Gates’ purchase of North Dakota farmland has locals ‘livid’ (says official/whistleblower): https://nypost.com/2022/06/23/bill-gates-purchase-of-north-dakota-farmland-has-locals-livid-official/
 
* Bill Gates’ purchase of North Dakota farmland has locals ‘livid’ (says official/whistleblower): https://nypost.com/2022/06/23/bill-gates-purchase-of-north-dakota-farmland-has-locals-livid-official/
 +
 
* How duck 'soldiers' became this 300-year-old winemaker's secret weapon: https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/duck-vineyard-pest-control-vergenoegd-low-south-africa-spc-intl/index.html (using ducks to naturally combat insects/pests)
 
* How duck 'soldiers' became this 300-year-old winemaker's secret weapon: https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/duck-vineyard-pest-control-vergenoegd-low-south-africa-spc-intl/index.html (using ducks to naturally combat insects/pests)
 
* Pesticide-free gardening: https://m.espacepourlavie.ca/en/pesticide-free-gardening
 
* Pesticide-free gardening: https://m.espacepourlavie.ca/en/pesticide-free-gardening
 +
* Ants can be better than pesticides for growing healthy crops, study finds: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/aug/17/ants-can-beat-pesticides-helping-farmers-grow-healthy-crops-study-aoe
 
* Who’s Really Behind The War On Meat? How Bill Gates Is Quietly Transforming America’s Food Industry From Within: https://www.dailywire.com/news/whos-really-behind-the-war-on-meat-how-bill-gates-is-quietly-transforming-americas-food-industry-from-within
 
* Who’s Really Behind The War On Meat? How Bill Gates Is Quietly Transforming America’s Food Industry From Within: https://www.dailywire.com/news/whos-really-behind-the-war-on-meat-how-bill-gates-is-quietly-transforming-americas-food-industry-from-within
 
* CBC Radio -- Maritime Noon with Bob Murphy - Jamie Ellison offers gardening advice for NB's acidic soil: https://www.cbc.ca/listen/live-radio/1-38-maritime-noon/clip/15925342-the-c-f-l-nova-scotia-weekend-mac-n-cheese  
 
* CBC Radio -- Maritime Noon with Bob Murphy - Jamie Ellison offers gardening advice for NB's acidic soil: https://www.cbc.ca/listen/live-radio/1-38-maritime-noon/clip/15925342-the-c-f-l-nova-scotia-weekend-mac-n-cheese  
* The Year-round Vegetable Garden with Niki Jabbour: https://joegardener.com/podcast/132-encore-presentation-the-year-round-vegetable-garden-with-niki-jabbour-and-new-tv-episode/
+
* Saskatchewan warns Trudeau’s federal Nitrogen agents could be arrested: https://thecountersignal.com/trudeau-officers-threatened-with-arrest/
* The Gardening Journal with Niki Jabbour: https://www.leevalley.com/en-us/discover/the-gardening-journal-with-niki-jabbour | [https://www.youtube.com/user/nikijabbour YouTube] | [https://www.facebook.com/Garden.with.Niki.Jabbour/ FB] | [https://twitter.com/NikiJabbour Twitter]
+
 
 +
* Self-Sufficient Me -- 6 TOP Crops to Grow at Home to Save You From STARVING: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tKbHqxI7VFA
 +
* Self-Sufficient Me -- 10 Organic Ways to Control Pests in the Garden: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hXlSicZE9jI
 +
* Self-Sufficient Me -- What Happens When You Bury Kitchen Scraps in the Garden?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQFB9M2UdK0
 +
* Self-Sufficient Me -- 10 Vegetables You Should ALWAYS Grow: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3waibCUoKo
 +
* Self-Sufficient Me -- What Happens When You Use Ash in the Garden?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=61ryiTNYneQ
 +
* Self-Sufficient Me -- 7 Things You Can BURY in the GARDEN to Improve the Soil: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-rfaIxp6js
 +
* Self-Sufficient Me -- 5 Tips How to Grow a Ton of Sweet Potato in One Container or Garden Bed: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lbc1rnEfbcM
 +
* RED Gardens -- One Rule Compost: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SROtDjwGFO0
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Dealing with Pests - How To Get Rid Of Earwigs Quickly And Reliably: https://www.epicgardening.com/how-to-get-rid-of-earwigs/
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Dealing with Pests - How to Prevent and Control RATS in Your Garden: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gB2RgQ-v1DA
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Cover Cropping - The LAZIEST Way to Improve Your Soil: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tgYJDl6hpw0
 +
* '''Epic Gardening -- Soil Health - ​Charles Dowding's LEGENDARY "No-Dig Market Garden" method: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2tVCrGi7Ck'''
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Soil Health - 14 Organic Fertilizers and How to Use Them: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NcMUOCU-R7I
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Soil Health - How to Attract More Earthworms To Your Garden (& Why They Matter): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGSe1OeyAkk
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Plant Nutrition 101 - All Plant Nutrients and Deficiencies Explained: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QALxEt6OFpc
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Composting - 5 Hot Composting Mistakes to Avoid: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHqXAM_EfQk
 +
* Epic Gardening -- Start Seeds With Us - Late Summer & Fall Planting Ideas!: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2BOpS2BLxLs<ref>Epic Gardening -- Fall Garden Guide - Grow The Best Fall Veggies: https://www.epicgardening.com/fall-garden-vegetables/</ref>
 +
* America’s most remarkable kid (Cole Summers) died in Newcastle, Utah — his legacy never will: https://www.deseret.com/2022/8/22/23309244/cole-summers-died-newcastle-utah-warren-buffett-charlie-munger-bari-weiss-unschooled
 +
* Dr Tom Cowan -- Podcast #26 - Joel Salatin: https://drtomcowan.com/blogs/podcasts/26-joel-salatin
 +
* Dr Tom Cowan -- Podcast #42 - Joel Salatin: https://drtomcowan.com/blogs/podcasts/conversations-with-dr-cowan-friends-42-joel-salatin
  
  
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== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
  
[[Nutrition]] | [[Environment]] | [[Sustainability]] | [[Economy]] | [[Energy]] | [[Green IT]]  | [[E-Waste]] | [[IoT]] | [[Recycling]]
+
[[Nutrition]] | [[Environment]] | [[Sustainability]] | [[Economy]] | [[Energy]] | [[Renewable Energy]] | [[Green IT]]  | [[E-Waste]] | [[IoT]] | [[Recycling]]

Latest revision as of 03:11, 23 September 2022

Contents

Agriculture is the cultivation and growth of plant and/or animal species which can be used as sources of food (energy) for sustenance of another plant and/or animal species. The modern example of agriculture is farming (i.e. planting vegetables, raising livestock, etc...)


Growing basics

[1]

Photosynthesis

Plants consume CO2 as a food nutrient. Combined with water and sunlight, they generate plant sugars (metabolic energy) while releasing oxygen that humans and other animals breathe. The following formula describes the "Photosynthesis process":

6CO2 + 6H20 + LIGHT + Chlorophyl ==> C6H12O6 (glucose) + 6O2 (oxygen)

Hydrocarbon Combustion

Clean hydrocarbons such as natural gas can be combusted to produce kinetic energy and heat. The byproducts of that combustion are simply water and CO2 (plant food). Hydrocarbons, in other words, set free the CO2 that plants need in order to produce higher crop yields.

CH + O2 ==> CO2 (plant food) + H2O (water)

Haber equation for fertilizer creation

Haber's equation describes the process by which hydrocarbons are combined with atmospheric nitrogen to create nitrogen fertilizer that can be directly used by plants. Hydrocarbons are needed to produce ammonia, which is the basis for all nitrogen-based fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate, urea, etc. You cannot use solar panels to efficiently produce fertilizer, nor can you use "wind farms". Hydrogen from hydrocarbons are necessary for an efficient process. So shutting down natural gas pipelines means you don’t have the hydrocarbons to produce fertilizer. Without fertilizer, crop yields plummet.

3N2 + 3H2 ==> 2NH3 (ammonia)

[2] [3] [4]


Gardening

Greenhouse

Urban Gardening

Seed Bombing


CSA

Community Supported Agriculture.

Permaculture

Permaculture is a more natural and simplistic approach to farming (including planting, growing, maintaining without pesticides or inorganic fertilizers, renewing plant seed/stocks and a localized focus to the distribution of food).

[5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

The 12 Principles

  1. Observe and Interact – “Beauty is in the mind of the beholder” By taking the time to engage with nature we can design solutions that suit our particular situation.
  2. Catch and Store Energy – “Make hay while the sun shines” By developing systems that collect resources when they are abundant, we can use them in times of need.
  3. Obtain a yield – “You can’t work on an empty stomach” Ensure that you are getting truly useful rewards as part of the working you are doing.
  4. Apply Self Regulation and Accept Feedback – “The sins of the fathers are visited on the children of the seventh generation” We need to discourage inappropriate activity to ensure that systems can continue to function well. Negative feedback is often slow to emerge.
  5. Use and Value Renewable Resources and Services – “Let nature take its course” Make the best use of nature’s abundance to reduce our consumptive behavior and dependence on non-renewable resources.
  6. Produce No Waste – “Waste not, want not” or “A stitch in time saves nine” By valuing and making use of all the resources that are available to us, nothing goes to waste.
  7. Design From Patterns to Details – “Can’t see the forest for the trees” By stepping back, we can observe patterns in nature and society. These can form the backbone of our designs, with the details filled in as we go.
  8. Integrate Rather Than Segregate – “Many hands make light work” By putting the right things in the right place, relationships develop between those things and they work together to support each other.
  9. Use Small and Slow Solutions – “Slow and steady wins the race” or “The bigger they are, the harder they fall” Small and slow systems are easier to maintain than big ones, making better use of local resources and produce more sustainable outcomes.
  10. Use and Value Diversity – “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket” Diversity reduces vulnerability to a variety of threats and takes advantage of the unique nature of the environment in which it resides.
  11. Use Edges and Value the Marginal – “Don’t think you are on the right track just because it’s a well-beaten path” The interface between things is where the most interesting events take place. These are often the most valuable, diverse and productive elements in the system.
  12. Creatively Use and Respond to Change – “Vision is not seeing things as they are but as they will be” We can have a positive impact on inevitable change by carefully observing and then intervening at the right time.

[12]

Foundational books on Permaculture include:

  1. The One-Straw Revolution (by Masanobu Fukuoka)
  2. Permaculture - A Designer's Manual (by Bill Mollison)[13]
  3. Permaculture - Principles & Pathways Beyond Sustainability (by David Holmgren)
  4. Gaia's Garden (by Toby Hemenway)
  5. Sepp Holzer's Permaculture (by Sepp Holzer)
  6. Folks, this ain't normal (by Joel Salatin)
  7. Earth Care Manual (by Patrick Whitehead)
  8. Earth User’s Guide to Teaching Permaculture (by Rosemary Morrow)
  9. Permaculture Design -- A step-by-step guide (by Aranya)
  10. The Permaculture Handbook - Garden Farming for Town and Country (by Peter Bane)
  11. The ultimate guide to natural farming and sustainable living: permaculture for beginners (by Nicole Faires)
  12. , vol.I & vol.II (by Dave Jacke) & [ Creating a Forest Garden - Working with Nature to Grow Edible Crops] (by Martin Crawford)
  13. Permaculture in Pots - How to Grow Food in Small Urban Spaces (by Juliet Kemp)
  14. The Resilient Farm and Homestead - An Innovative Permaculture and Whole Systems Design Approach (by Ben Falk)
  15. Mycelium Running - How Mushrooms can save the world (by Paul Stamets)


Land Requirements

To paraphrase a discussion from Permies forum: "According to research done by Ecology Action, the minimum land needed to grow a complete vegan diet for one person is 4000 square feet (0.0918 acres[14]; so for a family of 4, then 16000 sq.ft or 0.37 acres is the bare minimum), under ideal conditions. Under less than ideal conditions of heat, drought, flood, cold, etc (which you should always plan for), you'll need more. According to Eliot Coleman in "The New Organic Grower" the maximum land one person can manage to grow vegetables on intensively by themselves (no hired help or volunteers) is about 2 acres as a full-time job (8+ hours/day, 7 days/week); so say it was a hobby farm and you plan to devote approximately 15% of your time to it or 24 hours/week (i.e 1hr/day on weekdays + 7.5hrs/day on weekends), then a single person could manage about 0.85 acres of land, or enough to satisfy the needs of three families when grown to full capacity. One proposed solution for managing larger acreage or sharing the responsibilities of even a small acreage is the "you-pick'em" (u-pick) and/or "rent-a-plot" approaches popularized by Sepp Holzer[15][16][17][18], whereby consumers pay to pick and package their own produce (perhaps even pay to attend a weekend class and go home with a basket of berries or other produce) thereby reducing production demands on the land owner as they gain skills to grown their own, or, whereby the production of portions of the land itself is leased out to hobbyists whom might have an interest in permaculture, farming, gardening, raising livestock, or nature in general, but who don't have the budget or desire to be large land owners themselves or maintain an entire farm.

In any case, that gives some minimums and maximums yields for fruits and vegetables. For grazing livestock, you need to know the carrying capacity[19] of the specific parcel of land. This varies enormously. In the Eastern US you can raise one cow on one acre of pasture (mini breeds at about 3 per acre). In more arid areas, such as Central Texas it takes at least 20-25 acres per cow. To the west it may take 100 acres per cow. Carrying capacity can be greatly improved with proper management (see the work of Alan Savory[20][21][22][23] and/or Geoff Lawton[24][25]) but the initial carrying capacity of the land, what you have to start with, is important so you don't overstock at first, which can cause more damage. [26] [27]


Regenerative Agriculture

Highly related to Permaculture (but slightly different because of its focus on restoration & healing first and foremost), Regenerative Agriculture (sometimes also referred to simply as regenerative farming) is the classification of any farming technique, gardening approach and/or horticultural intervention (i.e. introcution of plants & species) for the purpose of bringing back the vitality of a specific area. Symptoms which the area being restored may be suffering from .

include: 
  • drought
  • water retention issues
  • invasive weeds
  • excessive pests
  • fungal issues (excessive fungus or complete lack of normal balance)
  • bacterial issues (excessive bacteria or complete lack of normal balance)
  • soil (nutrient) imbalances
  • chemicals or other toxic material spills or accumulations

Re-Wilding

Foraging

http://northernbushcraft.com/guide.php?ctgy=edible_mushrooms&region=new-brunswick

Closed Loop systems

The Reality of Food Self-Sufficiency: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FJv_nCAdCio

Water

Well

[28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40]

Distilling

Rainwater Harvesting

An Introduction to Rainwater Harvesting: http://www.gdrc.org/uem/water/rainwater/introduction.html

[41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59]

Greywater Recycling

[60] [61]

Aquaponics

[62]

Aeroponics

[63]

Hydroponics


Urban Farming

[67] [68] [69]

Indoor Growing


Homesteading

[70] [71]

Earthen Oven

[72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78]

Rocket Stove

[79] [80] [81] [82] [83] [84]


Plants

Fruits

[85]

Shrubs

Raspberries
Blackberries
Blueberries
Strawberries
Goji Berries
Honeysuckle Berries
Gooseberries
Service-berries
Choke-berries
Cranberries
Currants
Mulberries
Saskatoon Berries
Sea Buckthorn
Watermelon
Rhubarb

Vines

Grapes

[86] [87] [88]

Sсhіzаndrа


Trees

Apples

Cherries

Acerola

[89]

Plums

Pears

Peaches

Pomegranates

Persimmons

Tropical

Lemon
Lime
Orange
Kiwi
Mango
Guava
Dates

Figs

Mangosteen

Vegetables

Lettuce

Spinach

Kale

Carrots

Parsnips

Broccoli

Cauliflower

Cucumber

Zucchini

Tomatoes

[90] [91] [92]

Cherry Tomato
Grape Tomato

Peppers

Green Pepper
Red Pepper
Yellow Pepper
Orange Pepper
Hot Peppers

[93]

Potatoes

Onions

Garlic

Eggplant

Celery

Beats

Squash

Pumpkin

Avocados

Asparagus

Fiddle Heads

Corn

Vines

Beans

[94]

Peas

Herbs

[95] [96]

Mint

Broad name for any plant in the "Lamiaceae" family. The strongest and main category of mint is the menthol-containing "Mentha" sub-group.

[97]

Peppermint

Has ~40% menthol content.

Spearmint

Has ~5% menthol content.

Watermint
Corn mint
American wild mint


Black Pepper
Cilantro

Also known as "Coriander".

Parsley
Chives
Rosemary
Thyme
Summer Savory
Evening primrose oil
Turmeric
Cumin
Ginger
Citronella
Fennel
Cinnamon
Vanilla
St. John's Wort
Echinacea
Evening Primrose
Calendula
Saffron
Mullein
Chamomile
Lemon Balm
Yarrow

Ornammental Flowers & Weeds

[98] [99]

Dandelions
Chickweed
Lavender
Plantain
Gingko
Tea Tree


Grains

Rice

Oats

Barley

Wheat

Hops

Legumes

Split Peas

Chick Peas

Black-eyed Peas

Kidney Beans

Navy Beans

Black Beans

Red Beans

Nuts

Peanuts

Cashews

Actually a legume, but no one thinks about them as such and they're not really cooked or eaten raw but dried.

Almonds

Walnuts

Seeds

Hemp

Chia

Flax

Sunflower

Grape Seed

Livestock

Birds

Quail

Chickens

[100] [101] [102] [103] [104] [105] [106] [107] [108] [109] [110] [111] [112] [113] [114] [115] [116] [117] [118] [119] [120] [121] [122] [123] [124] [125] [126] [127] [128] [129] [130] [131] [132] [133] [134] [135] [136] [137] [138] [139] [140] [141] [142] [143] [144] [145]

Ducks

Emu

Ostrich


Pigs

Boars


Ruminant

Goats

[146]

Sheep

Deer

Reindeer

Antelope

Gazelle


Bovine

Cows

Bulls

Oxen

Yak

Bison

Buffalo

Water Buffalo

Gaur


Equidae

Donkeys

Mules

Horses


Camelidae

Camel

Llama

Alpaca



Agriculture Automation

[147] [148] [149] [150]


Sensors

Soil

Types of soil:

  • Seed starter
  • Potting Soil
  • Topsoil
  • Black earth
  • Ground cover
  • Hay
  • Wood shavings
  • Mulch
  • Compost

pH

Potential of Hydrogen (commonly abbreviated as pH) is the most common Acidity-to-Alkalinity rating scale. File:PH-scale.png

Macro-Nutrients

NPK.

Nitrogen

Nitrogen (N).

Phosphorus

Phosphorus (P).

Potassium

Potassium (K).


Micro-Nutrients

Calcium
Magnesium
Sulfur
Chlorine
Copper
Selenium
Iron
Boron
Molybdenum
Zinc
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen

Water

pH

Both soil and water have pH levels which need to be monitored and in some cases amended to fit the desired agricultural usage.

[152] [153] [154] [155] [156]


TDS

Total Dissolved Solids (TDS).


Contaminants

Fluoride
Chlorine
Chemicals

Light

PAR

Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)

[157] [158] [159]

LUX

[160]


Air

[161] [162] [163] [164] [165]


Temperature

Humidity

Air flow

Particulates

VOCs

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)s.



Tools

html | EX - Moncton, NB


Resources

[167]

[172] [173] [174] [175] [176] [177] [178] [179]


Tutorials


External Links

[187]

[189]

[191][192]


References

  1. The STARVATION MATRIX decoded -- Russia, fertilizer, hydrocarbons, CO2, the Haber equation and crop yields explained: https://www.naturalnews.com/2022-03-09-the-starvation-matrix-decoded-russia-fertilizer-hydrocarbons-co2-crop-yields.html
  2. wikipedia: Haber process
  3. wikipedia: Nitrogen fixation
  4. wikipedia: Ammonia production
  5. Goodreads -- Listopia - The Best Permaculture Books Ever: https://www.goodreads.com/list/show/12585.The_Best_Permaculture_Books_Ever
  6. 6 Maps for the Permaculture Farm Design: https://www.tenthacrefarm.com/6-maps-permaculture-farm-design/ (#1-Base map, #2-Sun map, #3-Sector map, #4-Zone map, #5-Master Plan, #6-Water map)
  7. Using Google Earth to zone your farm: https://web.archive.org/web/20150102095400/http://www.almostafarmer.com/using-google-earth-to-zone-your-farm/
  8. Zones of human use in a permaculture system -- organize our spaces according to how (and how often) they're used: https://www.freepermaculture.com/permaculture-zones/
  9. Permaculture Design Principle 4 – Zones and Sectors, Efficient Energy Planning: https://deepgreenpermaculture.com/permaculture/permaculture-design-principles/4-zones-and-sectors-efficient-energy-planning/
  10. A Beautiful System - Narayan Reddy on soil carbon: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4BqUXLsWkL4
  11. Larry Korn - Permaculture and the Philosophy of Masanobu Fukuoka: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lv2e5gbjnnM
  12. 12 Principles of Permaculture by David Holmgren: http://justlists.wordpress.com/2010/01/14/principles-of-permaculture/
  13. Bill Mollison's Permaculture Design Course (HANDBOOK): https://www.pdfdrive.com/bill-mollison-permaculture-design-course-e34542248.html
  14. How Many Sq. Feet In An Acre?: http://able2know.org/topic/26485-1
  15. Podcast discussing Sepp Holzer's ideas about growing fruit trees: http://forums2.gardenweb.com/forums/load/fruit/msg0412381723452.html
  16. Sepp Holzer's Permaculture: http://www.richsoil.com/sepp-holzer/sepp-holzer-permaculture.jsp
  17. Holzer´sche Permakultur: http://www.krameterhof.at/en/index.php?id=holzersche_permakultur
  18. Sepp Holzer's Innovations in Permaculture: http://www.krameterhof.at/pdf/presse/permaculture-pm68.pdf
  19. What is Carrying Capacity?: http://www.gdrc.org/uem/footprints/carrying-capacity.html
  20. A Solution to Desertification - Holistic Resource Management: http://www.odi.org.uk/work/projects/pdn/papers/paper27a.html
  21. Holistic Management: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQGy0vxeL_k
  22. Cell Grazing - First 10 Years in Australia: http://www.tropicalgrasslands.asn.au/Tropical%20Grasslands%20Journal%20archive/PDFs/Vol_34_2000/Vol_34_03-04_00_pp207_218.pdf
  23. Savory's Bitterness Scale: http://www.holisticdecisions.com/LA_FREE_brittleness.pdf
  24. Permaculture Behind Greening the Desert - The solution to all the world's problems can be found in a garden: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=keQUqRg2qZ0
  25. Permaculture - Geoff Lawton at TEDxAjman: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-CxP0Thljr4
  26. How many acres is a good starting point for permaculture?: http://www.permies.com/t/11714/permaculture/many-acres-good-starting-point
  27. So What IS Permaculture?: http://spiralseed.co.uk/permaculture/
  28. Our Groundwater Connection - preventing contamination: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRSHJpe8pq8
  29. How Wells & Aquifers Actually Work: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bG19b06NG_w
  30. WELL DRILLING 101 - Every Step Explained: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0-KLWEnwiaY
  31. How to Shock a Well in New Brunswick: https://thisisnewbrunswick.ca/how-to-shock-a-well/
  32. How to Easily Dig a Well on Your Property: https://www.survivalsullivan.com/how-to-dig-a-well/
  33. Well Digging 101 - What to Know Before Digging a Well: https://mosmanwellworks.com/well-digging-101-what-you-need-to-know-before-digging-a-well
  34. Province of NB -- Our Water - Private Water Wells: https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/elg/environment/content/water/content/water_cycle/private_water_wells.html | Requirements | Testing
  35. Province of Ontario -- Wells on your property: https://www.ontario.ca/page/wells-your-property
  36. How Wells & Aquifers Actually Work: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bG19b06NG_w
  37. 2 Breakthroughs That Could Solve the Fresh Water Crisis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OB9waxBe4CQ
  38. Can Sea Water Desalination Save The World?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bfr82RB72U8
  39. USA TODAY -- Pumped Dry - The Global Crisis of Vanishing Groundwater (DOCUMENTARY): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjsThobgq7Q
  40. Undecided - How Nanotech Can Help Solve the Fresh Water Crisis : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D1kqGyPGsF8
  41. Rainwater Harvesting 101: https://www.watercache.com/education/rainwater-harvesting-101
  42. Rainwater Harvesting calculations: http://www.rain-barrel.net/rainwater-calculator.html
  43. Zero+ Calculator (EXCEL): http://zeropluscampus.umn.edu/tools/calculator.php
  44. Rainwater harvesting & greywater recycling: http://www.branz.co.nz/RWHGWR
  45. Amazon top sellers for "Rainwater Collection" search term: https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Dlawngarden&field-keywords=rainwater+collection
  46. Build an outdoor Rainwater Collection System: http://www.motherearthnews.com/diy/build-a-rainwater-collection-system-zb0z1307zsal.aspx
  47. Student Project Uses Rainwater to Make St. Edward's University More Sustainable: http://think.stedwards.edu/sustainability/content/student-project-uses-rainwater-make-st-edwards-more-sustainable
  48. Types of Rain Barrels: https://www.homedepot.com/c/ab/types-of-rain-barrels/9ba683603be9fa5395fab90dbd15e17
  49. Non-plastic rain barrels?: https://www.reddit.com/r/Homesteading/comments/4gokk7/nonplastic_rain_barrels/
  50. Swales -Your Comprehensive Guide to Siting and Building Them: https://www.newlifeonahomestead.com/swales/
  51. Landscape Swale Guide - How to Landscape Drainage Swales: https://www.installitdirect.com/learn/landscape-swale/
  52. Retrofitting mulch basins around existing trees: https://permies.com/t/51937/Retrofitting-mulch-basins-existing-trees
  53. MULCH BASINS -- most common form of greywater irrigation allowing it spread into ground sub-surface, avoiding pooling, runoff & odors: https://www.greywatercorps.com/mulch-basin
  54. Diverting water to mulch basin: https://permies.com/t/51926/diverting-water-mulch-basin
  55. Branched Drain Greywater Systems: oasisdesign.net/greywater/brancheddrain/
  56. Greywater mulch basins: www.waldeneffect.org/blog/Greywater_mulch_basins/
  57. Best Roofing Materials for Rainwater Harvesting: https://www.southshoreroof.com/best-roofing-materials-for-rainwater-harvesting/
  58. (More) Best Roofing Materials for Rainwater Harvesting: https://www.doityourself.com/stry/best-roofing-materials-for-rainwater-harvesting
  59. Rainwater Harvesting QA - Cost, is it Illegal, how I treat, etc (in arid Arizona): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-e6oOyrQ04
  60. Landscape Sustainability – Wastewater Reuse: https://www.rhynelandscape.com/2013/01/20/15-landscape-sustainability-wastewater-reuse/
  61. Greywater - Where to go from here?: https://sweetwaterproject.org/?p=231 | VIDEO
  62. Farmer taught how to DIY aquarium and greenhouse to grow aquatic vegetables: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7aVlujrmlg
  63. Modern Potato Agriculture Technology - Aeroponics Potato Farming - Potato Chip Process Factory: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ck5iEP03g4
  64. USDA - Farm Service Agency County Office Committees for Urban Agriculture: https://www.usda.gov/topics/urban
  65. San Diego -- General Plan - Urban Agriculture Amendments 2012 (EXAMPLE): https://www.sandiego.gov/sites/default/files/legacy/planning/genplan/pdf/2012/adoptedgenplanurbanag120301.pdf
  66. Appetite for Change -- 7 farm plots in north Minneapolis: https://appetiteforchangemn.org/urban-ag/
  67. USDA -- URBAN AGRICULTURE TOOL KIT: https://www.usda.gov/sites/default/files/documents/urban-agriculture-toolkit.pdf
  68. Urban Farming Ultimate Guide and Examples: https://grocycle.com/urban-farming/
  69. Urban Farming is Serious Business: https://online.uwa.edu/news/urban-farming/
  70. 13 Essential non-electric kitchen tools for your off-grid homestead: https://www.naturalnews.com/2022-04-27-essential-non-electric-kitchen-tools-for-homestead.html
  71. Another (Sub)Urban Homestead -- Mulch Basin: http://anotherurbanhomestead.blogspot.com/2010/01/mulch-basin.html
  72. How to Build a Wood Fired Pizza Oven tutorial: https://tikkido.com/blog/wood-fired-pizza-oven-tutorial
  73. 22 Amazing Outdoor Masonry Ovens – Inspiration: https://insteading.com/blog/outdoor-stone-oven/
  74. Work of art with natural stones: https://www.traditionaloven.com/2942/natural-stone-art
  75. How to build a wood-fired pizza oven: https://www.deliciousmagazine.co.uk/how-to-build-a-wood-fired-pizza-oven/
  76. Choosing the right Bricks for building your Pizza Oven: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X-M-2ZrmHDc
  77. How to Build an Earthen Oven with Clay Cob for Pizza, Sourdough Bread Baking, etc: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lsdHPCcmpmk
  78. 8 Simple Rocket Stoves - How to Make Simple Camping & Survival Stoves: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FMhUFthG4bU
  79. Build a rocket stove in one minute with 4 blocks! Survivalist how to with 50 year old Farm Girl: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eihD5fJMeYw
  80. DIY Portable Wood Fire Pizza Oven Build: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASPw9hDPrtI
  81. 6 DIY Rocket Stove Plans: https://insteading.com/blog/how-to-build-a-rocket-stove/
  82. 21 DIY Rocket Stove Plans to Cook Efficiently with Wood: https://morningchores.com/rocket-stove-plans/
  83. How to Build an Earthen Oven for free: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bmuBPyVhIWc
  84. OUTDOOR PIZZA OVEN FOR UNDER $40: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lr2slQF_UQw
  85. How To Spot And Resolve Nutrient Burn: https://blog.growlink.com/how-to-spot-and-resolve-nutrient-burn
  86. SPRAY BURN indications on leaves of grapes (similar various plants): http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/IPM/english/grapes/diseases-and-disorders/spray-burn.html
  87. Potassium deficiency and flouride toxicity in plants: https://www.sites.ext.vt.edu/newsletter-archive/viticulture/00julaug.html
  88. Grapevine Problems - Leaf Spots Not Caused by Insects or Disease: https://grapes.extension.org/grapevine-problems-leaf-spots-not-caused-by-insects-or-disease/
  89. Local agro processor pushing cherry as a valuable nutritional option: https://www.stabroeknews.com/2020/06/12/business/local-agro-processor-pushing-cherry-as-a-valuable-nutritional-option/
  90. How to harden off tomato plants - Insider secrets from a pro: https://savvygardening.com/how-to-harden-off-tomato-plants/
  91. The best tomatoes for containers and 7 strategies for growing them in pots: https://savvygardening.com/the-best-tomatoes-for-containers/
  92. How to make tomato plants grow faster - 14 tips for an early harvest: https://savvygardening.com/how-to-make-tomato-plants-grow-faster/
  93. Growing hot peppers in gardens and containers: https://savvygardening.com/growing-hot-peppers/
  94. Green bean leaves turning yellow - 7 possible causes and solutions: https://savvygardening.com/green-bean-leaves-turning-yellow/
  95. The Best 20 Medicinal Herbs to Grow for a Plant Medicine Garden: https://www.healingharvesthomestead.com/home/2018/2/13/grow-a-medicinal-herb-garden-with-these-14-easy-to-grow-herbs-youll-love-having-all-of-these-herbs-available
  96. Nature’s 9 Most Powerful Medicinal Plants and the Science Behind Them: https://www.healthline.com/health/most-powerful-medicinal-plants
  97. Peppermint vs Mint - Aren’t They The Same?: https://substitutecooking.com/peppermint-vs-mint/
  98. Best 20 Herbs You Should Grow in Your Medicinal Herb Garden: https://www.healingharvesthomestead.com/home/2018/2/13/grow-a-medicinal-herb-garden-with-these-14-easy-to-grow-herbs-youll-love-having-all-of-these-herbs-available
  99. 21 Common Name of Weeds - The Complete List (with pictures): https://www.hortzone.com/blog/name-of-weeds/
  100. Legalizing Backyard Chickens from a Former Chicken Outlaw and Attorney: https://the-chicken-chick.com/legalizing-backyard-chickens-from/
  101. 13 Free DIY Chicken Coop Plans: https://www.thespruce.com/free-chicken-coop-plans-1357113
  102. HOW TO BUILD A CHICKEN COOP: https://thecarpentersdaughter.co.uk/woodworking/how-to-build-a-chicken-coop/
  103. How to Design and Build Your Own Portable Chicken Coop: https://www.thespruce.com/build-a-movable-chicken-tractor-3016887
  104. HOW TO BUILD A (sloped) CHICKEN COOP: https://thecarpentersdaughter.co.uk/woodworking/how-to-build-a-chicken-coop/
  105. Chicken Coop Tour (very well-designed/engineered) - Rainwater harvesting, Solar, DIY Feeder, and more!: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bgu7f5cq6cQ
  106. The Winter Chicken Coop -- to heat or not to heat?! (that is THE question): https://www.timbercreekfarmer.com/Winter-chicken-coop/
  107. How to keep a chicken coop warm in winter: https://thefrugalchicken.com/how-to-keep-a-chicken-coop-warm-in-winter/
  108. Top 10 Tips for Building a Chicken Coop: https://www.thespruce.com/building-a-chicken-coop-3016589
  109. Inside a Chicken Coop: 8 Essential Features: https://www.thehenhousecollection.com/blog/inside-a-chicken-coop/
  110. Small Chicken Coop with Planter, Clean Out Tray and Nesting Box: https://www.ana-white.com/woodworking-projects/small-chicken-coop-planter-clean-out-tray-and-nesting-box
  111. The Ultimate Guide to Raising Chickens in Winter: https://backyardchickenproject.com/the-ultimate-guide-to-raising-chickens-in-winter/
  112. The 22 Best Cold Hardy Chicken Breeds: https://backyardchickenproject.com/cold-hardy-chicken-breeds/
  113. Hearty Winter Chicken Feed Ideas: https://backyardchickenproject.com/hearty-winter-foods-for-chickens/
  114. How to Winterize the Chicken Coop: 4 Steps for Success: https://backyardchickenproject.com/how-to-winterize-the-chicken-coop-4-steps-for-success/
  115. How to Keep Chicken Water from Freezing This Winter: https://backyardchickenproject.com/raising-chickens-in-winter/
  116. 6 Tips and Tricks for Keeping Chickens Warm in Winter: https://backyardchickenproject.com/keeping-chickens-warm/
  117. 7 Steps to Winterize the Chicken Coop: https://www.ruralsprout.com/winterize-the-chicken-coop/
  118. 10 Common Chicken Keeping Mistakes To Avoid At All Costs: https://www.ruralsprout.com/chicken-keeping-mistakes/
  119. Should You Put Heat in the Chicken Coop?: https://backyardchickenproject.com/heat-in-the-chicken-coop/ (no, or not an excessively large/warm one, as if it fails, there's a high risk the flock dies)
  120. How to Make a Chicken Dust Bath In Just Two Minutes: https://www.ruralsprout.com/homemade-chicken-dust-bath/
  121. Chicken Dust Bath - The Ultimate Spa Treatment: https://the-chicken-chick.com/chicken-dust-baths-ultimate-spa/
  122. Chicken Anatomy -- The Crop, Impacted Crop & Sour Crop: https://the-chicken-chick.com/chicken-anatomy-crop-impacted-crop-sour/
  123. Diatomaceous Earth, DE. The Benefit/Risk Analysis from The Experts: https://the-chicken-chick.com/diatomaceous-earth-de-benefitrisk/
  124. The Cut & Dry Truth about Diatomaceous Earth DE & Chickens: https://the-chicken-chick.com/the-cut-dry-truth-about-diatomaceous/
  125. Raising Chickens On a Dime - 14 Ways To Save Money On Your Flock: https://www.ruralsprout.com/save-money-raising-chickens/
  126. Making Your Own Mealworm Farm 101: https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/make-your-own-mealworm-farm/ (for feeding birds/pigs)
  127. How to Design a Chicken Coop - Automatic Food & Water, Easy to Cleanhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5QjAcTDkBw
  128. Inside 13 Amazing Chicken Coops [Pictures to Inspire + Coop Essentials]: https://www.outdoorhappens.com/pictures-of-inside-the-chicken-coop/
  129. 7 Surprising Rules for Feeding Chickens: https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/7-surprising-rules-for-feeding-chickens/
  130. The Deep Litter Method of Waste Management in Chicken Coops: https://the-chicken-chick.com/the-deep-litter-method-of-waste/
  131. Chicken Coop Litter - Sand, the Litter Superstar: https://the-chicken-chick.com/chicken-coop-bedding-sand-litter/
  132. Pine Shavings in the Coop - The Secret Chicken Killer?: https://www.thefeatherbrain.com/blog/toxic-chicken-coop-pine-shavings
  133. What to Put Inside a Chicken Coop – 6 Must-Have Items: https://coopdesignplans.com/what-to-put-inside-a-chicken-coop/
  134. 8 Tips for CLEAN EGGS from Backyard Chickens: https://the-chicken-chick.com/8-tips-for-clean-eggs-from-backyard/
  135. Managing (Chicken) Manure - What to do with all the poo: https://www.backyardchickens.com/articles/managing-manure-what-to-do-with-all-the-poo.76023/
  136. Composting and using backyard poultry waste in the home garden: https://web.archive.org/web/20180203194249/https://www.cals.uidaho.edu/edcomm/pdf/CIS/CIS1194.pdf
  137. The Omlet Guide to Keeping Chickens: https://www.omlet.us/guide/chickens
  138. How to Give Your Chicken a Health Check: https://blog.omlet.us/2020/09/14/how-to-give-your-chicken-a-health-check/
  139. What Can Chickens Eat? 100 Favorite Chicken Foods on our List!:
  140. What Not to Feed Chickens - 33 Foods to Avoid: https://backyardchickenproject.com/what-not-to-feed-chickens/
  141. What NOT to Feed Chickens - A Complete List: https://wildyards.com/what-not-to-feed-chickens/
  142. Can Chickens Eat Watermelon? What You Need To Know!: https://petkeen.com/can-chickens-eat-watermelon/ (YES: just adults though, not for chicks due to the seeds... also beware of pesticides and/or mold on any scraps)
  143. Should I Be Worming My Chickens?: https://blog.omlet.us/2020/09/22/should-i-be-worming-my-chickens/
  144. Do Backyard Chickens Eat Bugs?: https://backyardables.com/do-backyard-chickens-eat-bugs/
  145. The Bugs Your Chickens Love—And Hate!: https://www.hobbyfarms.com/the-bugs-your-chickens-love-and-hate/
  146. Goat vs Sheep - 6 Key Differences Explained: https://a-z-animals.com/blog/goat-vs-sheep-6-key-differences-explained/
  147. The Basics of Drip Irrigation: https://thehomesteadinghippy.com/the-basics-of-drip-irrigation/
  148. Garden Tech - A ‘Smart’ Irrigation Controller That Can Change Your Life: https://www.gardenista.com/posts/garden-tech-rachio-smart-irrigation-controller/
  149. How the Rachio 3 Smart Water System takes control of your garden: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vYsPb-diJbs
  150. Hardware Installation — Rachio 3 Smart Sprinkler Controller: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ya8JHP-GeeY
  151. Solvita Garden Care Kit (2011-05-16 press release & how-to video): https://www.dream-yard.com/solvita-garden-care-kit.html
  152. 50 Plants That Like Alkaline Soil: https://drecampbell.com/plants-that-like-alkaline-soil/
  153. 53 Acid Loving Plants That Grow Well in Acidic Soil: https://drecampbell.com/acid-loving-plants/
  154. How Soil pH Influences Grapes: https://www.growingproduce.com/fruits/commentary-how-soil-ph-influences-grapes/
  155. How to Make Soil More Acidic? – 10 Methods: https://treillageonline.com/how-to-make-soil-more-acidic/
  156. Top 8 Ways to Make Soil More Alkaline to Increase Soil pH: https://purechemco.com/blogs/guides/increase-soil-ph-to-make-soil-more-alkaline
  157. What is a Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) meter?: https://askinglot.com/what-is-a-par-meter
  158. How To Measure Grow Light With A PAR Meter: https://hydrobuilder.com/learn/how-to-measure-grow-light-with-a-par-meter/
  159. Your Smartphone (can become) a Quantum Par Meter -- using the “Photone” App: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t0umUgrS_UE
  160. wikipedia: Lux
  161. Aerus-Electrolux -- old & new products - owner's manuals: http://www.aerusvacuums.com/Site/Manuals
  162. Aerus-Electrolux -- Guardian Air - Air Purifier (MANUAL): https://www.manualslib.com/manual/569962/Aerus-Lux-Guardian-Air-Air-Purifier.html
  163. Aerus Electrolux - Air purifiers: http://www.aerusvacuums.com/Site/Air
  164. Blueair: https://www.blueair.com/us/air-purifiers
  165. Blueair Air Purifiers review: http://www.air-purifier-power.com/blueair-air-purifier.html
  166. The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Services' PLANTS Database: http://plants.usda.gov/about_plants.html
  167. Hillsborough, NB -- Village By-Laws - Zoning & Land Use: https://villageofhillsborough.ca/village-of-hillsborough-by-laws/ | Zoning Map
  168. EXAMPLE - Ark's 52-Variety Family Seed Package: http://stores.arkinstitute.com/-strse-37/Ark's-40-dsh-Variety-Family-Seed/Detail.bok
  169. Farm Transition Loan: http://www.fcc-fac.ca/en/products/lending/transition_loan_e.asp
  170. wikipedia: Loam
  171. Characteristics of Sandy Loam Soil: http://homeguides.sfgate.com/characteristics-sandy-loam-soil-50765.html
  172. Facebook Group -- Stop Spraying in New Brunswick - Interactive map I've created using the data from Natural Resources and Energy Development GIS Open Data initiative: https://www.facebook.com/groups/StopSprayinginNB/permalink/2592252274417298/
  173. Costco - Praying Mantis Natural Insect Control Egg Case: https://www.costco.ca/.product.129014.html
  174. JD Irving - owned & operated woodlands: https://irvingwoodlands.com/jdi-woodlands-map-of-operations.aspx
  175. Acadian Timber - Plaster Rock Limits: http://www.acadiantimber.nb.ca/maps/Acadian Timber PR-Area.pdf
  176. AV Group - New Brunswick Land Ownership: https://av-group.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/NB_QC_Maine_Mills_Dec_10_2013.pdf
  177. NB is in the negative every year after all the silviculture subsidies and management fees are considered: https://www.conservationcouncil.ca/then-and-now-what-the-ag-says-about-forest-management-in-n-b/
  178. THE QUÉBEC ECONOMIC PLAN (2016-2017) -- Forestry sector and its contributions: https://www.budget.finances.gouv.qc.ca/budget/2016-2017/en/documents/Forest.pdf
  179. QUEBEC’S FOREST REGIMES -- LESSONS FOR A RETURN TO PROSPERITY: https://www.iedm.org/files/cahier0416_en.pdf
  180. The Year-round Vegetable Garden with Niki Jabbour: https://joegardener.com/podcast/132-encore-presentation-the-year-round-vegetable-garden-with-niki-jabbour-and-new-tv-episode/
  181. List of best permaculture readings: http://www.permies.com/t/5969/books/List-permaculture-readings
  182. Holistic Agriculture Library: http://www.soilandhealth.org/01aglibrary/01aglibwelcome.html
  183. Top 100 Permaculture Books: http://www.chelseagreen.com/content/100-best-permaculture-homesteading-books-the-ultimate-reading-list-for-sustainable-living/
  184. Introducing the Permaculture Designers’ Manual, Chapter 1: Introduction to Permaculture: http://permaculture.org.au/2010/03/24/introducing-the-permaculture-designers-manual-chapter-1-introduction-to-permaculture/
  185. Seedbombs are weapon of choice in war against wastelands: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/blog/2011/apr/11/seed-bombs-derelict-land-flowers
  186. How To Use Fish Emulsion Fertilizer In The Garden: https://plantcaretoday.com/fish-emulsion-fertilizer.html
  187. Flantor Garden Irrigation System: https://www.amazon.com/Flantor-Irrigation-Distribution-Automatic-Greenhouse/dp/B01H6ZN0NU/ref=as_li_ss_tl
  188. Cock Fight – Meet the Farmer Blowing the Whistle on Big Chicken: https://foodwhistleblower.org/fusion-cock-fight-meet-the-farmer-blowing-the-whistle-on-big-chicken/
  189. Frank Perdue, 84; Used Down-Home Charm to Pitch His Poultry Product: https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2005-apr-02-me-perdue2-story.html
  190. Secret Life of Plants (1978) abridged version: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7X0Wy_sCho4
  191. wikipedia: The_Secret_Life_of_Plants
  192. Goodreads -- The Secret Life of Plants - A Fascinating Account of the Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Relations Between Plants and Man (1973): https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/99442.The_Secret_Life_of_Plants
  193. Epic Gardening -- Fall Garden Guide - Grow The Best Fall Veggies: https://www.epicgardening.com/fall-garden-vegetables/

See Also

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