Difference between revisions of "Amazon"

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* Amazon Pushes Fast Shipping but Avoids Responsibility for the Human Cost: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/05/us/amazon-delivery-drivers-accidents.html
* Amazon Pushes Fast Shipping but Avoids Responsibility for the Human Cost: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/05/us/amazon-delivery-drivers-accidents.html
* Prime power -- How Amazon squeezes the businesses behind its store: https://www.seattletimes.com/business/prime-power-how-amazon-squeezes-the-businesses-behind-its-store/
* Prime power -- How Amazon squeezes the businesses behind its store: https://www.seattletimes.com/business/prime-power-how-amazon-squeezes-the-businesses-behind-its-store/
* Amazon’s Enforcement Failures Leave Open a Back Door to Banned Goods—Some Sold and Shipped by Amazon Itself: https://themarkup.org/banned-bounty/2020/06/18/amazons-enforcement-failures-leave-open-a-back-door

Revision as of 14:20, 1 August 2020

Amazon is the world's largest online retailer, offering new & used items from a large directory of products and a wide array of sellers.

Business Model


Although Amazon started as an online book retailer, their immense product catalogue has continued to grow since their inception, adding numerous categories including everything from car parts to groceries, children's toys & baby products to computers & electronics, jewelry to home improvement, movies & tv to music & games.

Amazon GO

[2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15]

Amazon Prime

Receive all the benefits of Amazon Prime including FREE Two-Day Shipping for eligible purchases, unlimited streaming of movies and TV shows with Prime Instant Video, and the ability to borrow books from the Kindle Owners' Lending Library for $99 a year.

2-Day Shipping

FREE 2-Day Shipping has always been the main feature of Amazon Prime (which started out as an accelerated FREE shipping membership at ~14.00/year). Other related features are Release Date Delivery (as soon as a new item is made available to customers, it is delivered to your door), No-Rush Shipping (you can pick a future date for delivery, great if you have a cross-border shipping/pickup location, separate P.O. Box, separate addresses, or are going on an extended vacation and want an item delivered upon your return) as well as Discounted Same-Day, 1-Day & Saturday Shipping.[18]

Kindle Lenders' Club

If you are a Kindle owner and an Amazon Prime member (with active subscription) then you can also freely access the Kindle Lenders Club (also called eBook Lending), which allows you to exchange purchased and/or otherwise downloaded books with other Kindle members.[20] Another related feature is Kindle First, which gives Prime members the ability to download an author's new book 1-month before its official release to act as a sort of early reviewer for the book, text or other title.[21]

Photo Cloud

Prime Photos (formerly Amazon Photo Cloud) provides unlimited storage for photos in Amazon Cloud Drive for active Prime members in the U.S.[23]

Amazon Music

Prime Music (formerly Amazon Music Player which provided just short 10-30 second previews of songs and other audio track previews, the called Amazon Cloud Player, now also called Amazon Music) is a music service to listen "a-la-carte" via internet stream, to a select set of music titles available in the Amazon Music content database.[24]

Amazon Instant Video

With Amazon Instant Video, you can instantly watch movies and TV shows on your compatible connected TV or streaming device. On some devices, you can also download select videos for watching without an Internet connection.[25] Prime was the initial new name of the Amazon VOD platform (which merged with its Unbox predecessor).[26]

Amazon Affiliate Program

Making money through this program is becoming increasingly difficult, as the referral percentages are pretty small, meaning razor thin margins. Still, it is possible to churn a profit as an Amazon Affiliate site. Amazon certainly continues to enjoy the benefit of links to their massive product catalogue.




Shortly after acquiring leading movie information database IMDB in 2001[29][30], Amazon launched a "professional version" of the site aimed at entertainment professionals (industry-insiders and talent of all types) that required a membership fee.[31] This was especially designed to give better control to agents over how their clients were represented on the site as well as talent themselves (such as producers, directors, writers, actors), but also provided additional information on films including box office, budget, salaries paid, royalties, behind-the-scenes sneak peaks and rumors over upcoming films which would be attractive to power users of the regular site.

  • For more, see: IMDB (movie reference database)


CustomFlix Labs, Inc. was the leading DVD self-authoring service and BookSurge Inc. was the leading book/text/journal self-publishing service, before they were each acquired by Amazon in 2005.[32] Now they have been combined into CreateSpace still serves as Amazon's self-publishing tool for authors to quickly, efficiently and affordably self-publish to Amazon without all the red tape and bureaucracy of the traditional Book Publishing & Printing industries.[33]

[34] [35] [36]


Amazon acquired leading Audiobook publisher and seller Audible.com in 2008.[37][38][39]


Goodreads is the world’s largest site for readers and book recommendations. Our mission is to help people find and share books they love. Goodreads launched in January 2007 and was acquired by Amazon in March, 2013.[40] [41]

[42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49]

Amazon Fire

Fire is Amazon's foray into the Android market as a custom version of the open source Android OS and provides exclusive access to publishing officially supported apps to Amazon Fire devices, as well as their Kindle e-Reader devices.

Fire TV

[50] [51]

Amazon Web Services

One of the most often-cited reasons for the exponential and sustained growth of Amazon as one of the world's leading online retailers is Amazon Web Services (AWS). AWS provides a developer library, API and data exchange format for accessing products, items and reviews from the Amazon website. In 2006, AWS began offering IT infrastructure services to businesses in the form of web services, these services are now commonly known as Cloud Computing, where businesses and individuals alike are provided the opportunity to replace up-front capital infrastructure (network, hosting, data center, etc) expenses with low variable-costs that scale with your business needs and customer base (actual usage-based provisioning & billing).


Product Advertising

Historically represents the first set of Web Services offered by Amazon, and according to some, one of the key factors in their early growth compared to other E-Commerce platforms.


Reliable, scalable, and cost-effective computing resources on which to host your applications.


An alternative admin console and hosting platform to all the commodity Web Hosts out there.



Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) resizable compute capacity in the cloud. You define your virtual Amazon EC2 environment with the operating system, services, databases, and application platform stack required for your hosted application



Simple Storage Service (S3) is a web services interface to store and retrieve any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web.


Simple Queue Service (SQS)

  • Amazon SQS:


CloudFront provides a high performance, globally distributed Content Delivery Network (CDN) system.


DevPay provides online billing & account management services that makes it easy for you to sell applications built on top of, or being run within, Amazon Web Services.

Backup & Restore


AWS offers the broadest range of databases purpose-built for your specific application use cases, (including RDBMS' such as: MySQL, Oracle, IBM DB2, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL, AmazonRDS, AmazonRedShift-DataWarehouse; or NoSQL datastores such as: redis, memcached, AmazonDynamoDB-KeyValue, AmazonElastiCache-InMemory, AmazonNeptune-GraphDB,).


Relational Database Service (RDS) is a web services interface used to set up, operate, and scale a relational database in the cloud, with resizable database capacity.



Enterprise Cloud

Elastic Transcoder

Mechanical Turk

[58][59][60][61][62] [63]


Amazon's Wishlist and "list mania" features are extremely good tools for promoting specific products or encouraging others to buy them for you (i.e. via a Wishlist widget in appreciate or support of your site) or themselves (i.e. through your affiliate links.


DASH is a one-click physical button for auto-renewing or triggering a subscription to a particular product/service to fire-off an actual E-Commerce transaction.


"Alexa" is the original name of the voice-controlled bot (and "wake word") for the Amazon Echo line of SmartSpeaker/SmartHome devices.

[69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75]

Alexa Voice Services

Alexa Voice Services (AVS) is the name of the set of Amazon Web Services (AWS) behind-the-scenes of powering Alexa.

[77] [78] [79] [80] [81] [82] [83] [84] [85] [86]

Alexa Web Rankings

Long before Alexa was synonymous with Peronal AI Assistant / Intelligent Agent, Alexa was the web's leading traffic measurement and rankings provider. This was before the name got re-purposed/overloaded within the Amazon product lines to stand for "Alexa" the voice of the Amazon Echo & Echo Dot products. Just saying "Alexa" will now kick off an Echo device to start listening for one of its hundreds of supported commands/skills. However, the original Alexa was nothing more than a web ranking tool, the likes of which is commonly used to determine the popularity of particular websites & web applications, mobile websites/applications and inactive/parked addresses.


Amazon Sumerian is an AR/VR toolkit for creating 3D, 360 degree field-of-view content experiences on the web with JavaScript. It could be used rather than other open source approaches such as OpenVR, WebGL, WebXR, A-Frame, Three.js, HTML5 canvas (with 3D-like effects using other JS libs and/or CSS3 animations/effects), etc...




External Links


  1. Amazon Announces No-Line Retail Shopping Experience With Amazon Go: http://www.forbes.com/sites/curtissilver/2016/12/05/amazon-announces-no-line-retail-shopping-experience-with-amazon-go/#da47f6c4f949
  2. Amazon Go - No lines. No checkout. (No, seriously.): https://www.amazon.jobs/en/business_categories/amazongo
  3. Amazon Testing Checkout Free Stores: http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2016/12/06/amazon-testing-checkout-free-stores/
  4. Kill the drones, Amazon Go is an actual game changer: http://mashable.com/2016/12/06/amazon-go-better-than-drones/
  5. This is Amazon's grocery store of the future -- no cashiers, no registers, and no lines: http://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-go-grocery-store-future-photos-video-2016-12
  6. Amazon Starts With Go. Where Will The Technology End Up?: https://www.forbes.com/sites/robsalkowitz/2018/01/22/amazons-new-data-driven-convenience-store-uses-ai-to-check-you-out/#77523687537e
  7. Amazon Go -- Here are the takeaways business tech execs need to know: http://www.zdnet.com/article/amazon-go-here-are-the-takeaways-business-tech-execs-need-to-know/
  8. Amazon Go, One Year Old, Has Attracted a Host of Cashierless Imitators: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-01-22/amazon-go-one-year-old-has-attracted-a-host-of-cashierless-imitators
  9. Meet the duo who make Amazon Go: https://www.fastcompany.com/40571238/most-creative-people-2018-dilip-kumar-and-gianna-puerini
  10. Meet the Guy Behind Amazon’s Secret Retail Store Plans: https://www.recode.net/2016/2/3/11587530/meet-the-guy-behind-amazons-secret-retail-store-plans
  11. Meet the Amazon Go Team: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kM_rg5HkmIU
  12. The 6 Most Surprising Things About the New Amazon Go (No Cash Registers) Convenience Sto: https://www.inc.com/minda-zetlin/the-6-most-surprising-things-about-new-amazon-go-cash-register-less-convenience-store.html
  13. Amazon Go’s flaws exposed as journalist accidentally shoplifts: https://www.retailgazette.co.uk/blog/2018/01/amazon-gos-flaws-exposed-as-journalist-accidentally-shoplifts/
  14. Amazon Go VPs reveal what’s working and not with its checkout-free store: https://www.bizjournals.com/seattle/news/2018/03/19/amazon-go-gianna-puerini-shoppers.html
  15. Inside ‘Amazon Go Grocery’ -- Tech giant opens first full-sized store without cashiers or checkout lines : https://www.geekwire.com/2020/amazon-goes-bigger-first-amazon-go-grocery-new-seattle-store-using-cashierless-technology/
  16. About Amazon Prime: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=200444160
  17. Watch an Instant Video title: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=201422990
  18. Amazon Prime Shipping Benefits: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=201118070&ref=prime_us_pdp_prime_assist_t2_shp_learn
  19. Use 1-click Shipping with Amazon Prime: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=201117990
  20. Borrow Books from the Kindle Owners' Lending Library: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?ref=prime_us_pdp_prime_assist_t2_koll&nodeId=200757120
  21. Kindle First: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?ref=prime_us_pdp_prime_assist_t2_kf&nodeId=201376210
  22. Kindle Lending Club Is a Library of User-Contributed Kindle Ebooks: http://lifehacker.com/5735815/kindle-lending-club-is-a-library-of-user-contributed-kindle-ebooks
  23. About Prime Photos: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html/ref=prime_us_pdp_prime_assist_t2_cd_help?nodeId=201480950
  24. About Prime Music: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=201530920
  25. About Amazon Instant Video: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=201422800
  26. Amazon adds streaming TV, movies to Prime -- Could just be the beginning: http://www.zdnet.com/blog/btl/amazon-adds-streaming-tv-movies-to-prime-could-just-be-the-beginning/45156
  27. Access your Amazon Video Library: http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=201423020
  28. wikipedia: Omakase
  29. http://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/internet-bookseller-amazoncom-announces-acquisition-of-united-kingdom-company-the-internet-movie-database-ltd-156564975.html
  30. How much did Amazon pay to acquire IMDB in 1998?: http://www.quora.com/How-much-did-Amazon-pay-to-acquire-IMDB-in-1998
  31. IMDB Pro launches in 2001: http://www.imdb.com/pressroom/company_timeline/
  32. About CreateSpace: https://www.createspace.com/AboutUs.jsp
  33. Amazon launches Lulu competitor: http://readwrite.com/2007/08/08/amazon_launches_createspace
  34. HOW TO - Self Publish Your Book with Amazon's CreateSpace: http://mashable.com/2011/07/19/self-publish-amazon-createspace/
  35. Investigation - Are Amazon & CreateSpace selling books and not giving the authors their royalties or the true sales?: http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-559888
  36. Indie booksellers boycotting Amazon/CreateSpace: https://www.goodreads.com/topic/show/941131-indie-booksellers-boycotting-amazon-createspace
  37. Amazon acquires Audible for $300 million: http://news.cnet.com/8301-10784_3-9861892-7.html
  38. Online retailer Amazon.com Inc said on Thursday it reached a deal to buy digital audio books provider Audible Inc for about $300 million, aiming to bolster its audio download offerings.: http://www.reuters.com/article/2008/01/31/us-audible-amazon-idUSN3129158120080131
  39. Amazon.com to Acquire Audible.com: http://about.audible.com/2008/07/10/amazoncom-to-acquire-audiblecom/
  40. Amazon.com to Acquire Goodreads (OFFICIAL): http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=176060&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1801563
  41. Exciting News About Goodreads - We're Joining the Amazon Family!: https://www.goodreads.com/blog/show/413-exciting-news-about-goodreads-we-re-joining-the-amazon-family (March 28, 2013)
  42. Amazon purchase of Goodreads stuns book industry: http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/apr/02/amazon-purchase-goodreads-stuns-book-industry
  43. Now You Can Preview Books on Goodreads! (U.S. Members): https://www.goodreads.com/blog/show/467-now-you-can-preview-books-on-goodreads-u-s-members
  44. Amazon buys Goodreads -- We’re all just data now - Salon.com: http://www.salon.com/2013/03/31/amazon_buys_goodreads_were_all_just_data_now/
  45. Three Hidden Benefits of The Amazon Acquisition of Goodreads: http://www.forbes.com/sites/davidvinjamuri/2013/03/29/three-hidden-benefits-of-the-amazon-acquisition-of-goodreads/
  46. Amazon Acquires Social Reading Site Goodreads, Which Gives The Company A Social Advantage Over Apple: http://techcrunch.com/2013/03/28/amazon-acquires-social-reading-site-goodreads/
  47. The Simple Reason Why Goodreads Is So Valuable to Amazon: http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/04/the-simple-reason-why-goodreads-is-so-valuable-to-amazon/274548/
  48. Actually, Amazon Paid About $150 Million for Goodreads: http://allthingsd.com/20130329/actually-amazon-paid-about-150-million-for-goodreads/
  49. Goodreads acquired by Amazon – Good or Bad?: http://sybilleyates.com/goodreads-acquired-by-amazon-good-or-bad/
  50. Control your Amazon Fire TV (or every Android Device) from openHAB: https://community.openhab.org/t/control-your-amazon-fire-tv-or-every-android-device-from-openhab/17259
  51. Amazon -- official guides - Set Up Your Fire TV Device: https://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html?nodeId=G7HTKNXBW4GPXSH6
  52. AWS Query/Code Builder: http://www.awszone.com/ (was one of the best interactive API testing tools/forms I've ever seen, no longer supported as of 2010)
  53. About AWS: https://aws.amazon.com/about-aws/
  54. How AWS Pricing Works: https://dzone.com/articles/how-aws-pricing-works
  55. Old SOAP 1.1 WSDL: http://soap.amazon.com/schemas2/AmazonWebServices.wsdl
  56. Tutorial — Creating and managing a Node.js server on AWS, part 1: https://hackernoon.com/tutorial-creating-and-managing-a-node-js-server-on-aws-part-1-d67367ac5171
  57. Amazon Focuses On Cloud Video With Elastic Transcoder Services, Price-Busting + Available Everywhere: http://techcrunch.com/2013/01/29/amazon-ramps-up-cloud-services-with-video-transcoding-price-busting-and-internationally-available/
  58. HITs not getting completed? You might have missed Amazon's new default Masters requirement. As they intended: http://turkrequesters.blogspot.ca/2012/11/hits-not-getting-completed-you-might.html
  59. How Representative Are Amazon Mechanical Turk Workers?: http://themonkeycage.org/blog/2012/12/19/how-representative-are-amazon-mechanical-turk-workers/
  60. Using Amazon Mechanical Turk to Transcribe Historical Handwritten Documents: http://journal.code4lib.org/articles/6004
  61. ProPublica’s Guide to Mechanical Turk: http://www.propublica.org/article/propublicas-guide-to-mechanical-turk
  62. How to Review 5,000 Link Prospects & Collect 1,500 Contacts for $525 with Amazon's Mechanical Turk: Link Building How-Tos Day: http://ontolo.com/blog/LBHTD-How-to-Use-Mechanical-Turk-for-Link-Building
  63. Inside the weird, wild, low-wage world of Mechanical Turk.: https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/11/15/nyregion/amazon-mechanical-turk.html?utm_source=pocket-newtab
  64. wikipedia: Amazon Dash
  65. Is there an online list of Echo Skills?: http://www.reddit.com/r/amazonecho/comments/4154uf/is_there_an_online_list_of_echo_skills/
  66. Amazon’s Other App Store, Alexa’s “Skills” Section, Has Quietly Grown To Over 130 Apps: https://techcrunch.com/2016/01/04/amazons-other-app-store-alexas-skills-section-has-quietly-grown-to-over-130-apps/
  67. Alexa API Mashup Contest: https://www.hackster.io/contests/alexa-api-contest
  68. Introducing the Internet of Voice Challenge with Hackster.io and Raspberry Pi: https://developer.amazon.com/blogs/post/Tx2HZ84OSVXXUZF/Introducing-the-Internet-of-Voice-Challenge-with-Hackster-io-and-Raspberry-Pi
  69. Alexa Voice Service now works on connected devices in UK and Germany: https://techcrunch.com/2017/02/07/alexa-voice-service-goes-international-now-works-in-uk-and-germany/ (chart of what services are available where)
  70. An Alexa Project Name Generator on IBM's "severless hosting solution" OpenWhisk: http://dzone.com/articles/an-alexa-project-name-generator-on-openwhisk
  71. Part 1 -- Just the Facts, Alexa: https://medium.com/hello-thirteen23/just-the-facts-alexa-71a04b836d7f
  72. Patent Reveals Amazon's Efforts To Understand The Language Consumers Use With Alexa: https://www.mediapost.com/publications/article/336289/patent-reveals-amazons-efforts-to-understand-the.html
  73. Amazon’s Alexa Facilitates Billions of Dollars of Transactions: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-09-25/amazon-s-alexa-facilitates-billions-of-dollars-of-transactions
  74. 20 Alexa Skills You Should Try: https://voicebot.ai/2019/12/25/20-alexa-skills-you-should-try/
  75. Amazon's Alexa Learns Long-Form Speaking Style: https://www.mediapost.com/publications/article/350202/amazon-alexa-learns-long-form-speaking-style.html
  76. Alexa - Skills Guide: http://www.amazon.com/b?ie=UTF8&node=15144553011
  77. 6 Steps to Build Your First Alexa Skill: https://developer.amazon.com/public/solutions/alexa/alexa-skills-kit/content/fact-skill-4
  78. Create the Interaction Model for Your Skill: https://developer.amazon.com/docs/custom-skills/create-the-interaction-model-for-your-skill.html
  79. Get started with Alexa: https://developer.amazon.com/edw/home.html#/
  80. AWS Lambda - getWinningNumbers: https://console.aws.amazon.com/lambda/home?region=us-east-1#/functions/getWinningNumbers?tab=code
  81. Defining the Voice Interface (SCHEMA): https://developer.amazon.com/public/solutions/alexa/alexa-skills-kit/docs/defining-the-voice-interface#The Intent Schema
  82. Alexa Skills Kit Custom Interaction Model Reference: https://developer.amazon.com/public/solutions/alexa/alexa-skills-kit/docs/alexa-skills-kit-interaction-model-reference#Slot%20Types
  83. Amazon to give Prime customers free access to paid Alexa skills content: https://marketingland.com/amazon-give-prime-customers-free-access-paid-alexa-skills-content-227099?
  84. The nation’s largest toy retailer rolls out AR app chainwide: https://www.chainstoreage.com/technology/nations-largest-toy-retailer-rolls-ar-app-chainwide/
  85. Amazon Says It Has Fixed Randomly Laughing Alexa Speakers: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-07/amazon-is-working-on-a-fix-for-randomly-laughing-alexa-speakers
  86. Usability Testing Form for Alexa Skills: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSduXKvTLS_-EziQmUfy01cfrYUBFkm177Qco1dbt29FJyb6CQ/viewform
  87. AWIS API docs: http://docs.amazonwebservices.com/AlexaWebInfoService/2005-07-11/
  88. AWS Amplify Adds Support for Securely Embedding Amazon Sumerian AR/VR Scenes in Web Applications: https://aws.amazon.com/about-aws/whats-new/2018/09/AWS-Amplify-adds-support-for-securely-embedding-Amazon-Sumerian/
  89. Download S3 in PHP example: http://www.sajithmr.me/downloads/s3-test-utility-php.rar

See Also

E-Commerce | Web Services