Internet of Things

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The Internet of Things is an all-encompassing concept of technology becoming pervasive or ubiquitous in the world, to the point that nearly every object is connected via network to every other object.



Messaging Queue Telemetry Transport (MQTT) is an M2M "Internet of Things" connectivity protocol. It was designed as an extremely lightweight publish/subscribe messaging transport. It is useful for connections with remote locations where a small code footprint is required and/or network bandwidth is at a premium.

What Things?

The following are systems, appliances and electronics which are commonly discussed as being included in the Internet of Things for automation and/or remote access purposes:


  • Thermostat
  • Heater

Air Quality

  • Air Conditioner (portable, mini-split or central)
  • Air Heat Pump (portable, mini-split or central)
  • Air Filter
  • Air Exchanger
  • Air Circulation System


  • Lighting Switches
  • Sound Detectors (i.e. modern version of The Clapper[4][5])
  • Motion Detectors
  • Dimmer
  • Timer (i.e. scheduled on/off times such as for Christmas or Festive lights)


  • Washing Machine
  • Dryer
  • Dishwasher
  • Sink
  • Shower & Bath Tub (water level / temperature)
  • Toilet
  • Refrigerator
  • Freezer
  • Wine Cooler
  • Microwave
  • Oven
  • Toaster


  • Home Entertainment System
  • Surveillance System (CCTV/security cameras)
  • Security/Alarm System
  • Circuit Breaker / Smart Meter controller (overall power regulation)

Smart Home

Smart Home is the term commonly used to define a residence that has appliances, lighting, heating, air conditioning, TVs, computers, entertainment audio & video systems, security, and camera systems that are capable of communicating with one another and can be controlled remotely by a time schedule, from any room in the home, as well as remotely from any location in the world by phone or internet.

Installation of smart products give the home and its occupants various benefits — the same benefits that technology and personal computing have brought to us over the past 30 years — convenience and savings of time, money and energy.[6]

Home Automation

Home Automation is an integrated approach to remote and/or automatic management of a home's digital appliances, ranging from everyday usage appliances such as Refrigeration systems, Alarm Systems, Heating Systems or Air Conditioners, to occasional use appliances such as Toasters, Microwaves, Washers and Dryers, and from everyday usage electronics such as Personal Computers, Telephone Systems or Televisions to occasional usage electronics such as Home Theatre Systems, Video Game Systems or Stereos.

Smart Buildings

Smart Buildings (also Smart Enterprise) is all about the efficient integration of the traditionally separate systems required to run a building or network of buildings. Integration in a Smart Building begins with a common IT backbone or infrastructure; the majority of buildings utilize separate and usually proprietary systems that have their own controls, protocol, cabling, and HMI. In this regard open source or at least proprietary with external facing APIs or Web Services is a requirement to make the interoperability of building functions possible. Once individual building systems are integrated onto one network they can be monitored and controlled by a single interface, accessible via a secure Web browser (i.e. Desktop/native Application, Web Application, Dashboard or Portal) for unlimited user access. Additional use of a network operating center (NOC) allows for 24/7 monitoring and control of an unlimited number of equipment, systems, and buildings by personnel with the proper training and skill set.[7]

Smart Data Center

A "Smart" Data Center differs from a typical data center in that it primarily concerned with Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE)[8], namely, how much computing power can it offer for a given amount of energy input. Cost-savings calculations are done by multiplying PUE by kWh and Utilization Rate (as a % of throughput the hosted applications get):

PUE x kWh x Utilization Rate

For example, if a Data Center has a PUE rating of 1.4 and 1 kilowatt (kW) of load consumes 722 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per month with 80% utilization of the hosted apps, then there is a $8.09/kW savings per month (1.4 * 722 * 0.8 = 809).[9].

Smart City

A Smart City (also smarter city) uses digital technologies to enhance performance and wellbeing, to reduce costs and resource consumption, and to engage more effectively and actively with its citizens. Key 'smart' sectors include transport, energy, health care, water and waste. A smart city should be able to respond faster to city and global challenges than one with a simple 'transactional' relationship with its citizens. Interest in smart cities is motivated by major challenges, including climate change, economic restructuring, the move to online retail and entertainment, ageing populations, and pressures on public finances.

Smart Environment

A Smart Environment is a network of sensor nodes and/or monitoring tools, equipment and management software for a part of the world's natural resources and environment.

A prime example of this is the Neil Young-backed project to hookup a network of Solar Panel-powered old cellphones which monitor the status of the rainforest to detect sounds such as chainsaws, tractors (illegal logging/clear-cutting activity prevention) or gunshots, traps and irregular herd stampeding-type movements (illegal hunting/poaching activity prevention).[10][11][12]

Smart People

Smart People is about taking metrics to aid in decision making in personal health and also to enable new levels of creativity and personal time recovery through automation of tasks.



If This Then That (IFTTT) is a service which enables users to wire together things like devices, webapps, apps, files using a very basic [Rule Engine] which can only do IF x THEN DO y.



SnApp Stores

According to the Ubuntu site: "Snappy Ubuntu Core is a new rendition of Ubuntu with transactional updates - a minimal server image with the same libraries as today’s Ubuntu, but applications are provided through a simpler mechanism. The snappy approach is faster, more reliable, and lets us provide stronger security guarantees for apps and users".




Using MQTT for IoT:

External Links


  1. IBM's MQTT protocol specification:
  2. MQTT 3.1.1 becomes an OASIS Standard:
  3. What is MQTT?:
  4. How the Clapper Works:
  5. wikipedia: The Clapper
  6. Smart Home:
  7. What Smart Buildings are all about:
  8. PUE - Definition:
  9. Fortune Data Centers - Cheap/Clean Power:
  10. Rainforest Connection - Old Phones Turned to Forest Guardians:
  11. Neil Young Teams With New Kickstarter Campaign to Save the Rainforest:
  12. Neil Young signs on to save the rainforest - using solar powered mobile phones:
  13. Put IFTTT to Work - 6 Unique Ways to Use IFTTT:
  14. BestBuy Guide - Make your home even smarter by letting IFTTT do the work:
  15. IoT Revolution (from Ubuntu parent company Canonical) - SnApp Stores for Any THINGS:
  16. Come Together Right Now Over IoT - Canonical Partners with Microsoft and Others: (Canonical, Microsoft, GE, Acer & DataArt working on IoT "Industrial Predictive Maintenance" project; together, uniting their individual Cloud Computing, Continuous Delivery - Docker, Big Data, Machine Learning & IoT efforts)
  17. New Release of Eclipse Paho and Eclipse Mosquitto Continue Momentum of the Growing Open Source IoT Community and MQTT:
  18. Mortgage penalty can be a shocker:
  19. Cash Back Mortgages Examined:
  20. AllSeen Alliance member companies:
  21. Why AllSeen? (Mission Statement):
  22. Eclipse SmartHome Development Framework:
  23. Panasonic opens royalty-free portfolio to boost IoT development:
  24. Industry Leaders to Establish Open Interconnect Consortium to Advance Interoperability for Internet of Things:
  25. TRUSTe Announces Multi-Stakeholder IoT Privacy Tech Working Group as Next Step to Help Enhance Consumer Privacy in Internet of Things:
  26. Yet Another IoT Standards Group: This One For Privacy:
  27. Calling all Things -- IBM Internet of Things Foundation is Ready:
  28. Bluemix and the Internet of Things - Hands on Tutorial:
  29. BlueMix and IoT:
  30. Changes to the IoT Foundation – and migrating your old applications:
  31. Diatomaceous Earth - organic, 85%/food grade (safer for kids/pets):
  32. Upgrade your windows to egress standards:
  33. DIY insulate water heater:
  34. Buying Guide - Flooring:
  35. wikipedia: Stachybotrys chartarum
  36. Moldblogger review and comments on Concrobium:
  37. Concrobium Mold Control - official site:
  38. Mold, Mildew and Stain Removal Alternatives:
  39. Canadian Tire - Concrobium:
  40. Home Depot - Concrobium:
  41. DIY Mold Test Kit:
  42. DIY Install Guide for Recessed Drop Ceilings (VIDEO):
  43. Drop Ceiling Grid And Materials Calculator:
  44. GE's GridIQ DRMS solution:
  45. Demand Response Management Systems - The Next Wave of Smart Grid Software:
  46. Siemens-NBpower deal confirmed:

See Also

SmartGrid | Microcontroller | Robot | Wireless Sensor Networks | Internet | Mobile | LTE | IPv6 | Web Services | Cloud Computing | AI