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The legal status of something (or that thing's legality) is a reflection of the passing of judgement on that thing by an appointed representative of a particular government or people, based on the rule of law of the land (nation, state/province/district or municipality) in which the thing is being observed/analyzed/judged and where the thing being observed/analyzed/judged occured.

What is Law?

A Law is a rule codified as text in a specific language. Laws are created to keep society in order and provide limitations on what actions can be carried out by a free individual. Good laws are typically described as those aimed at ensuring fairness. Bad laws are those which in fact promote inequality or an unfair advantage for certain members of society. Laws can be divided into public law and private law.

Public Law

Public law is concerned with matters that affect society as a whole. It includes criminal, constitutional and administrative law. Public laws set the rules for the relationship between the individual and society or for the roles of different governments. For example, if someone breaks a criminal law, it is regarded as a wrong against society as a whole. [1]

Private Law

Private law, also called "civil law", deals with the relationships between individuals. Civil laws set the rules for contracts, property ownership, the rights and obligations of family members, damage to someone or to their property caused by others and so on.

Categories of Law

Categories of law include:

  1. Contract [2]
  2. Business/Commerce [3] (incorporation, copyright, trademarks, etc)
  3. Property [4]
  4. Trust [5]
  5. Tort [6] (Non-Criminal Statute[7]/Ordinance[8]/By-Law[9]/Regulation[10]/Policy[11] Enforcement)
  6. Criminal [12]
  7. Consitutional (limit of government powers through Rights[13] & Charters[14])[15]
  8. Administrative [16]
  9. Environmental [17]
  10. International [18]
  11. Human Rights [19]
  12. Animal Rights [20]


Free Man On The Land

In recent years, a movement has started which aims to take personal liberties back to the early days when settlers first arrived in (North/South/Central) America. Back then, each and every human being making the journey was treated as a Free man On The Land (FMOTL). Mind you, immediately after the first official settlements were established, they became subjects of the British, French, Spanish, Dutch or Portuguese crowns, and treated to the same or similar laws as people in the homeland of those countries.

There was a need for people to be free of jurisicial regulations in order to procure land from the natives (as this would be in violation of their own laws), use lethal means of enforcing ownership of said "acquired land" against all forms of enemies (settlers of other countries, natives trying to take back land, wild animals, etc), and to easily cooperate and collaborated in order to establish the strength of the colony through each individual settlement, outside of the limitations of many business and political laws.

A return to this form of legal system in modern terms, would mean that every human being was essentially free to do as they wish, so long as their actions do not harm another human being (or to a lesser extent, the environment or animals). Furthermore, some make a valid argument that our laws even as they are currently codified guarantee us at least this freedom - to come and go as we please so long as we don't harm another human being, or prevent them from coming and going - and as a result the "freeman on the land" approach has been used for everything from procuring unused land to fighting traffic violations or city by-laws in court.[21]

To quote Ayn Rand: "Under a proper social system, a private individual is legally free to take any action he pleases (so long as he does not violate the rights of others), while a government official is bound by law in his every official act. A private individual may do anything except that which is legally forbidden; a government official may do nothing except that which is legally permitted."[22]

Right to Mobility

Family Law

International Child Abduction

National Constitutions/Charters/Bills


Bill of Rights

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

[36] [37]

Human Rights act


Declaration of Independence

Bill of Rights





External Links


  1. What is the Law:
  2. wikipedia: Contract
  3. wikipedia: Business Law
  4. wikipedia: Property Law
  5. wikipedia: Trust Law
  6. wikipedia: Tort Law
  7. wikipedia: Statute
  8. wikipedia: Local ordinance
  9. wikipedia: By-Law
  10. wikipedia: Regulation
  11. wikipedia: Policy
  12. wikipedia: Criminal Law
  13. wikipedia: Rights
  14. wikipedia: Charter
  15. wikipedia: Constitutional Law
  16. wikipedia: Administrative Law
  17. wikipedia: Environmental Law
  18. wikipedia: International Law
  19. wikipedia: Human Rights
  20. wikipedia: Animal Rights
  21. wikipedia: Freemen on the land
  22. Rule By Law - Rule Of Law:
  23. Japan Signs on to 1980 Hague Child Abduction Convention:
  24. Japan to sign Hague treaty, but implementation could be years away:
  25. Japan to sign international child abduction treaty:
  26. U.S. removes Japan from blacklist of countries not complying with Hague Convention on child abduction, but 'remains highly concerned':
  27. Japan Signs Hague Convention:
  28. If Japan Signs Hague Convention, Will Anything Change?:
  29. Japan Signs Hague Convention - Will it Stop International Child Abduction?:
  30. Japan Diet Gives Go Ahead To Sign Hague Convention But What Does This Really Mean?:
  31. Two years after Japan signed Hague, children have been returned but old issues remain:
  32. Hard work begins once Japan signs child-abduction treaty:
  33. Three years after Japan signed Hague, parents who abduct still win:
  34. The Hague Abduction Convention and Japan's nebulous family law:
  35. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Japan -- Overview of the Hague Convention and related Japanese Legal Systems:
  36. wikipedia: Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
  37. Guide to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms:
  38. The Law (AUDIOBOOK):
  39. Canada's System of Justice:

See Also

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