Mac

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Mac is the abbreviated name for the Macintosh Operating System (currently in version 10 and abbreviated using the roman numeral "X", as in OS X) and accompanying hardware by Apple.


Devices

[1]

Macintosh 1

Macintosh 2.0

Mac 4

iMac

MacMini

MacBook

MacBook Air

[2]


Operating Systems

Macintosh OS 1.x-9.x

OS X

Macintosh Operating System 10 {roman numeral X} (commonly abbreviated Mac OS X, and referred to as simply OS X) is the name of Apple's proprietary Operating System. It was originally based on a branch of UNIX server.

Cheetah (10.0.x)

2000

Puma (10.1.x)

2001

Jaguar (10.2.x)

2002

Panther (10.3.x)

2003

Tiger (10.4.x)

2005

First introduced the Dashboard feature and its associated "widgets" loosely following W3C Widget spec.

Leopard (10.5.x)

2007

Snow Leopard (10.6.x)

2009

Lion (10.7.x)

2011

Mountain (10.8.x)

2012

Mavericks (10.9.x)

2013

Yosemite (10.10.x)

2014

El Capitan (10.11.x)

2015

Sierra (10.12.x)

2016

High Sierra (10.13.x)

2017

Mojave (10.14.x)

2018

[4] [5]

Catalina (10.15.x)

2019

[6] [7]


Big Sur (11.x)

[8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]


Features

Finder

Mission Control

"Mission Control" is a view of all the currently open applications on your Mac. It can also have "hot corner" sections defined whereby clicking a specific region of the screen would bring up a preferred/pre-configured application that was not open yet.

[14]

Dashboard

[15] [16] [17] [18] [19]


Widgets

[20] [21] [22]


Notification Center


Time Machine

Backup and restore tool.


Catalyst

With Mac Catalyst, you can make a Mac version of your iPad app. Click the Mac checkbox in your iPad app’s project settings to configure the project to build both Mac and iPad versions of your app. The two apps share the same project and source code, making it easy to change your code in one place.

[23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28]

AirDrop

[29] [30] [31] [32]




Tools


Resources

[44] [45] [46] [47] [48]


Tutorials

[49] [50]

[66]

[67]


External Links

[72] [73]


References

  1. wikipedia: Macintosh#Timeline_of_Macintosh_models
  2. wikipedia: MacBook Air
  3. Use the Mac operating system that came with your Mac, or a compatible newer version: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201686
  4. macOS Mojave - Apple releases 10.14.6 supplemental update: https://www.macworld.com/article/3282418/article.html
  5. macOS Mojave -- Hands-on with 20+ new changes and features (VIDEO): https://9to5mac.com/2018/09/24/macos-mojave-top-features-changes-video/
  6. macOS Catalina - Apple releases 10.15.4 supplemental update: https://www.macworld.com/article/3404520/macos-catalina-everything-you-need-to-know.html
  7. Meet Mac OS X Catalina: https://www.cnet.com/news/meet-catalina-apples-newest-macos/
  8. wikipedia: MacOS Big Sur
  9. macOS 11 Big Sur review - the Mac, iPad-ified for the future: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/nov/13/macos-11-big-sur-review-the-mac-ipad-ified-for-the-future (what the future of Mac looks like)
  10. APPLE MACOS 11 BIG SUR REVIEW: - A LONG TIME COMING: https://www.theverge.com/2020/11/16/21564490/macos-big-sur-review-apple-macbook-pro-air-mac-ipad-m1
  11. Apple's next-generation macOS operating system Big Sur available now: https://www.macrumors.com/roundup/macos-big-sur/
  12. 5 New Features to Explore in MacOS Big Sur: https://www.wired.com/story/macos-11-big-sur-features/
  13. MacOS 11 Big Sur: latest version, problems & new features for Macs: https://www.macworld.co.uk/news/macos-big-sur-release-date-3779573/
  14. How to use “Hot Corners” on Mac: https://www.creative-elements.ca/how-to-use-hot-corners-on-mac/
  15. RIP Dashboard, the MacOS Feature I Don't Want to Live Without: https://www.wired.com/story/dashboard-macos-catalina-rip/
  16. Bring back dashboard widgets on Catalina! WTF Apple!: https://www.reddit.com/r/MacOS/comments/ejjtu2/bring_back_dashboard_widgets_on_catalina_wtf_apple/
  17. How to recover Dashboard data in Catalina os Mac?: https://www.catalinaosx.com/recover-dashboard-data-catalina-os/
  18. Dashboard Feature Eliminated in macOS Catalina: https://www.macrumors.com/2019/06/04/dashboard-feature-eliminated-in-macos-catalina/
  19. Lost your Dashboard widgets after upgrading to macOS Catalina? Here are some solutions: https://www.creative-elements.ca/lost-your-dashboard-widgets-after-upgrading-to-macos-catalina-here-are-some-solutions/
  20. Where can I find dashboard widgets on OS Catalina?: https://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/372519/where-can-i-find-dashboard-widgets-on-os-catalina
  21. Dashboard Widgets On Desktop macOS High Sierra: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7m57oX0Cc1s
  22. Just installed Übersicht to get widgets on my desktop and couldn't be happier with the result!: https://www.reddit.com/r/MacOS/comments/ge4884/just_installed_übersicht_to_get_widgets_on_my/
  23. Apple dev docs -- Mac Catalyst - UI guidelines: https://developer.apple.com/design/human-interface-guidelines/ios/overview/mac-catalyst/
  24. Apple dev docs -- Mac Catalyst - Handling key presses on a keyboard: https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/mac_catalyst/handling_key_presses_made_on_a_physical_keyboard
  25. Apple WWDC 2020 - What's new in Mac Catalyst? (VIDEO): https://developer.apple.com/videos/play/wwdc2020/10143/
  26. MacOS Catalina's iPad apps for the Mac are here, but the story is just getting started: https://www.cnet.com/news/macos-catalinas-ipad-apps-for-the-mac-are-here-but-the-story-is-just-getting-started/
  27. Run iPad apps on Mac - Project Catalyst Explained: https://www.imore.com/ipad-apps-mac-project-catalyst-explained
  28. What is Project Catalyst? Here’s everything you need to know : https://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/what-is-project-catalyst/
  29. How to use AirDrop on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204144
  30. Use AirDrop on your Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT203106
  31. AirDrop not working? Here's the fix!: https://www.imore.com/how-to-fix-airdrop-iphone-ipad
  32. How To Transfer Photos From iPhone To Mac - The Ultimate Guide: https://iphonephotographyschool.com/how-to-transfer-photos-from-iphone-to-mac/
  33. Mac/Safari -- how to access Accessibility options using Keyboard shortcut: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT202562 (shortcut is FN+OPTION+CMD+F5)
  34. How to List Every Terminal Command available on Mac OS: http://osxdaily.com/2017/02/06/list-all-terminal-commands-mac/
  35. Terminal autocomplete - cycle through suggestions: https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/24419/terminal-autocomplete-cycle-through-suggestions
  36. How to list all variables names and their current values?: https://askubuntu.com/questions/275965/how-to-list-all-variables-names-and-their-current-values
  37. Terminal Cheatsheet for Mac (Basics): https://github.com/0nn0/terminal-mac-cheatsheet
  38. * 11 Xcode Keyboard Shortcuts to Make You More Productive: https://roadfiresoftware.com/2015/05/useful-xcode-keyboard-shortcuts-for-developers/
  39. Is macOS a Unix distribution?: https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/423121/is-macos-a-unix-distribution
  40. Change Jenkins port on macOS: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/7139338/change-jenkins-port-on-macos
  41. wikipedia: Dashboard (macOS)
  42. Apple will permanently remove Dashboard in macOS Catalina: https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/4/18652971/apple-macos-catalina-dashboard-widgets-removed-feature
  43. How to Check Which Apps Are Optimized for M1 Macs: https://www.howtogeek.com/703005/how-to-check-which-apps-are-optimized-for-macs-with-apple-silicon/
  44. Mac OS X 10.0 (changes from Mac OS classic) - finder: https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2001/04/macos-x/9/#finder
  45. What is .DS_Store file on Mac and how to delete it?: https://macpaw.com/how-to/remove-ds-store-files-on-mac
  46. Consequences of deleting .DS_Store: https://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/69467/consequences-of-deleting-ds-store
  47. How to disable the creation of .DS_Store files for Mac users' folders: https://www.techrepublic.com/article/how-to-disable-the-creation-of-dsstore-files-for-mac-users-folders/
  48. What is a .DS_Store file?: https://appducate.com/2013/09/what-is-ds_store-file-on-mac-os-x/
  49. Mac OS X -- List listening ports and programs using netstat: https://benohead.com/blog/2013/07/31/mac-netstat-list-ports-programs/
  50. Who is listening on a given TCP port on Mac OS X?: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4421633/who-is-listening-on-a-given-tcp-port-on-mac-os-x
  51. Where Does a Screenshot Go on a MacBook?: https://smallbusiness.chron.com/screenshot-macbook-62630.html (Desktop by default, but can configure to go somewhere else like a sub-directory inside "Pictures")
  52. How to Change Where Screenshots Are Saved on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/403519/how-to-change-macos-mojaves-default-screenshot-location/
  53. Apple docs -- Browse and view photos in Photos on Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-ca/guide/photos/pht56eafa987/mac
  54. Copy file/folder path in Mac OS X: http://osxdaily.com/2013/06/19/copy-file-folder-path-mac-os-x/
  55. How to Make Finder Always Search the Current Folder on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/720206/how-to-make-finder-always-search-the-current-folder-on-mac/
  56. How to copy a file path in OS X: https://www.cnet.com/how-to/how-to-copy-a-file-path-in-os-x/ (there are several approaches you can take to reveal and copy full file paths as text in OS X depending on your version)
  57. 3 Ways to See the Current Folder Path on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/721126/3-ways-to-see-the-current-folder-path-on-mac/
  58. How to find and remove large files on your Mac: https://macpaw.com/how-to/find-large-files-mac
  59. Brew install JDK 11:
  60. Install latest JDK/Java on Mac using Homebrew: https://pandacodez.com/tutorial/install-latest-jdk-java-on-mac-using-homebrew/
  61. How to install Java 8 on Mac: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/24342886/how-to-install-java-8-on-mac
  62. Install java by Homebrew on Mac: https://medium.com/@at_ishikawa/install-java-by-homebrew-on-mac-d99aff457c1f
  63. HOW TO SET JAVA_HOME ON MAC OS X: http://www.sajeconsultants.com/how-to-set-java_home-on-mac-os-x/
  64. What should I set JAVA_HOME to on OSX: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1348842/what-should-i-set-java-home-to-on-osx
  65. Maven, JAVA_HOME is not defined correctly on Mac OSX: https://mkyong.com/java/maven-java_home-is-not-defined-correctly-on-mac-osx/
  66. Open Current Folder in Finder from Terminal of Mac OS X: https://osxdaily.com/2009/11/30/open-current-folder-in-finder-from-the-terminal/
  67. How to Find IP Address on MAC: https://techyhost.com/how-to-find-ip-address-on-mac/
  68. How to use Clipboard on Mac, answers to commonly asked questions: https://appletoolbox.com/how-to-use-clipboard-on-mac/
  69. How To Remap Fn Keys On Your Mac: https://www.switchingtomac.com/tutorials/osx/how-to-remap-fn-keys-on-your-mac/
  70. Use the developer tools in the Develop menu in Safari on Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-ca/guide/safari/sfri20948/mac
  71. Developer Tools for HTML5 Programming: https://www.wickedlysmart.com/hfhtml5/devtools.html
  72. How to Customize the Control Center on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/699494/how-to-customize-the-control-center-on-mac/
  73. How to Pin Control Center Modules to the Menu Bar on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/699516/how-to-pin-control-center-items-to-the-menu-bar-on-mac/

See Also

Apple | PC | Computer | Unix | iOS | Objective-C/Swift | Safari