Mac

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Mac is the abbreviated name for the Macintosh Operating System (currently in version 10 and abbreviated using the roman numeral "X", as in OS X) and accompanying hardware by Apple.


Devices

[1]

Macintosh 1

Macintosh 2.0

Mac 4

iMac

MacMini

MacBook

MacBook is a line of portable computing devices from Apple. Each of the computers run a version of the Mac Operating System, with the latest versions running OS X iterations. The line has frequently been referred to as Apple's answer to PC-based laptop computer systems (typically sold with Microsoft's Windows Operating Systems).

MacBook Air

[2]

MacBook Pro

[3]


Operating Systems

Macintosh OS 1.x-9.x

OS X

Macintosh Operating System 10 {roman numeral X} (commonly abbreviated Mac OS X, and referred to as simply OS X) is the name of Apple's proprietary Operating System. It was originally based on a branch of UNIX server.

Cheetah (10.0.x)

2000

Puma (10.1.x)

2001

Jaguar (10.2.x)

2002

Panther (10.3.x)

2003

Tiger (10.4.x)

2005

First introduced the Dashboard feature and its associated "widgets" loosely following W3C Widget spec.

Leopard (10.5.x)

2007

Snow Leopard (10.6.x)

2009

Lion (10.7.x)

2011

Mountain (10.8.x)

2012

Mavericks (10.9.x)

2013

Yosemite (10.10.x)

2014

El Capitan (10.11.x)

2015

Sierra (10.12.x)

2016

High Sierra (10.13.x)

2017

Mojave (10.14.x)

2018

[5] [6]

Catalina (10.15.x)

2019

[7] [8]


Big Sur (11.x)

[9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14]


Features

Finder

Mission Control

"Mission Control" is a view of all the currently open applications on your Mac. It can also have "hot corner" sections defined whereby clicking a specific region of the screen would bring up a preferred/pre-configured application that was not open yet.

[15]

Dashboard

[16] [17] [18] [19] [20]


Widgets

[21] [22] [23]


Notification Center

  • Use Notification Center on Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-ca/guide/mac-help/mchl2fb1258f/mac (Open Notification Center: click Date/Time in Menu bar, or, "2-finger swipe left" from far-right edge of Trackpad; Close Notification Center: click anywhere on Desktop, click the Date/Time in Menu bar, or, "2-finger swipe right" towards far-right edge of Trackpad)

[24]

Time Machine

Backup and restore tool.


Catalyst

With Mac Catalyst, you can make a Mac version of your iPad app. Click the Mac checkbox in your iPad app’s project settings to configure the project to build both Mac and iPad versions of your app. The two apps share the same project and source code, making it easy to change your code in one place.

[25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30]

AirDrop

[31] [32] [33] [34]




Tools


Resources

[46] [47] [48] [49] [50]


Tutorials

[51] [52]

[74]

[76]


External Links

[83] [84]


References

  1. wikipedia: Macintosh#Timeline_of_Macintosh_models
  2. wikipedia: MacBook Air
  3. wikipedia: MacBook Pro
  4. Use the Mac operating system that came with your Mac, or a compatible newer version: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201686
  5. macOS Mojave - Apple releases 10.14.6 supplemental update: https://www.macworld.com/article/3282418/article.html
  6. macOS Mojave -- Hands-on with 20+ new changes and features (VIDEO): https://9to5mac.com/2018/09/24/macos-mojave-top-features-changes-video/
  7. macOS Catalina - Apple releases 10.15.4 supplemental update: https://www.macworld.com/article/3404520/macos-catalina-everything-you-need-to-know.html
  8. Meet Mac OS X Catalina: https://www.cnet.com/news/meet-catalina-apples-newest-macos/
  9. wikipedia: MacOS Big Sur
  10. macOS 11 Big Sur review - the Mac, iPad-ified for the future: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/nov/13/macos-11-big-sur-review-the-mac-ipad-ified-for-the-future (what the future of Mac looks like)
  11. APPLE MACOS 11 BIG SUR REVIEW: - A LONG TIME COMING: https://www.theverge.com/2020/11/16/21564490/macos-big-sur-review-apple-macbook-pro-air-mac-ipad-m1
  12. Apple's next-generation macOS operating system Big Sur available now: https://www.macrumors.com/roundup/macos-big-sur/
  13. 5 New Features to Explore in MacOS Big Sur: https://www.wired.com/story/macos-11-big-sur-features/
  14. MacOS 11 Big Sur: latest version, problems & new features for Macs: https://www.macworld.co.uk/news/macos-big-sur-release-date-3779573/
  15. How to use “Hot Corners” on Mac: https://www.creative-elements.ca/how-to-use-hot-corners-on-mac/
  16. RIP Dashboard, the MacOS Feature I Don't Want to Live Without: https://www.wired.com/story/dashboard-macos-catalina-rip/
  17. Bring back dashboard widgets on Catalina! WTF Apple!: https://www.reddit.com/r/MacOS/comments/ejjtu2/bring_back_dashboard_widgets_on_catalina_wtf_apple/
  18. How to recover Dashboard data in Catalina os Mac?: https://www.catalinaosx.com/recover-dashboard-data-catalina-os/
  19. Dashboard Feature Eliminated in macOS Catalina: https://www.macrumors.com/2019/06/04/dashboard-feature-eliminated-in-macos-catalina/
  20. Lost your Dashboard widgets after upgrading to macOS Catalina? Here are some solutions: https://www.creative-elements.ca/lost-your-dashboard-widgets-after-upgrading-to-macos-catalina-here-are-some-solutions/
  21. Where can I find dashboard widgets on OS Catalina?: https://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/372519/where-can-i-find-dashboard-widgets-on-os-catalina
  22. Dashboard Widgets On Desktop macOS High Sierra: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7m57oX0Cc1s
  23. Just installed Übersicht to get widgets on my desktop and couldn't be happier with the result!: https://www.reddit.com/r/MacOS/comments/ge4884/just_installed_übersicht_to_get_widgets_on_my/
  24. How to View the Notification Center on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/701577/how-to-view-the-notification-center-on-mac/ (swipe from right-corner leftwards on touchpad with 2-fingers)
  25. Apple dev docs -- Mac Catalyst - UI guidelines: https://developer.apple.com/design/human-interface-guidelines/ios/overview/mac-catalyst/
  26. Apple dev docs -- Mac Catalyst - Handling key presses on a keyboard: https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/mac_catalyst/handling_key_presses_made_on_a_physical_keyboard
  27. Apple WWDC 2020 - What's new in Mac Catalyst? (VIDEO): https://developer.apple.com/videos/play/wwdc2020/10143/
  28. MacOS Catalina's iPad apps for the Mac are here, but the story is just getting started: https://www.cnet.com/news/macos-catalinas-ipad-apps-for-the-mac-are-here-but-the-story-is-just-getting-started/
  29. Run iPad apps on Mac - Project Catalyst Explained: https://www.imore.com/ipad-apps-mac-project-catalyst-explained
  30. What is Project Catalyst? Here’s everything you need to know : https://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/what-is-project-catalyst/
  31. How to use AirDrop on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204144
  32. Use AirDrop on your Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT203106
  33. AirDrop not working? Here's the fix!: https://www.imore.com/how-to-fix-airdrop-iphone-ipad
  34. How To Transfer Photos From iPhone To Mac - The Ultimate Guide: https://iphonephotographyschool.com/how-to-transfer-photos-from-iphone-to-mac/
  35. Mac/Safari -- how to access Accessibility options using Keyboard shortcut: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT202562 (shortcut is FN+OPTION+CMD+F5)
  36. How to List Every Terminal Command available on Mac OS: http://osxdaily.com/2017/02/06/list-all-terminal-commands-mac/
  37. Terminal autocomplete - cycle through suggestions: https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/24419/terminal-autocomplete-cycle-through-suggestions
  38. How to list all variables names and their current values?: https://askubuntu.com/questions/275965/how-to-list-all-variables-names-and-their-current-values
  39. Terminal Cheatsheet for Mac (Basics): https://github.com/0nn0/terminal-mac-cheatsheet
  40. * 11 Xcode Keyboard Shortcuts to Make You More Productive: https://roadfiresoftware.com/2015/05/useful-xcode-keyboard-shortcuts-for-developers/
  41. Is macOS a Unix distribution?: https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/423121/is-macos-a-unix-distribution
  42. Change Jenkins port on macOS: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/7139338/change-jenkins-port-on-macos
  43. wikipedia: Dashboard (macOS)
  44. Apple will permanently remove Dashboard in macOS Catalina: https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/4/18652971/apple-macos-catalina-dashboard-widgets-removed-feature
  45. How to Check Which Apps Are Optimized for M1 Macs: https://www.howtogeek.com/703005/how-to-check-which-apps-are-optimized-for-macs-with-apple-silicon/
  46. Mac OS X 10.0 (changes from Mac OS classic) - finder: https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2001/04/macos-x/9/#finder
  47. What is .DS_Store file on Mac and how to delete it?: https://macpaw.com/how-to/remove-ds-store-files-on-mac
  48. Consequences of deleting .DS_Store: https://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/69467/consequences-of-deleting-ds-store
  49. How to disable the creation of .DS_Store files for Mac users' folders: https://www.techrepublic.com/article/how-to-disable-the-creation-of-dsstore-files-for-mac-users-folders/
  50. What is a .DS_Store file?: https://appducate.com/2013/09/what-is-ds_store-file-on-mac-os-x/
  51. Mac OS X -- List listening ports and programs using netstat: https://benohead.com/blog/2013/07/31/mac-netstat-list-ports-programs/
  52. Who is listening on a given TCP port on Mac OS X?: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4421633/who-is-listening-on-a-given-tcp-port-on-mac-os-x
  53. Move Windows, Apps, & Desktops Between Multiple Displays in Mac OS X with Mission Control: https://osxdaily.com/2014/01/08/move-windows-apps-desktops-between-displays-mac-os-x/
  54. Manage app windows on Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-ca/guide/mac-help/mchlp2469/mac
  55. Work in multiple spaces on Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-ca/guide/mac-help/mh14112/mac
  56. Where Does a Screenshot Go on a MacBook?: https://smallbusiness.chron.com/screenshot-macbook-62630.html (Desktop by default, but can configure to go somewhere else like a sub-directory inside "Pictures")
  57. How to Change Where Screenshots Are Saved on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/403519/how-to-change-macos-mojaves-default-screenshot-location/
  58. Apple docs -- Browse and view photos in Photos on Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-ca/guide/photos/pht56eafa987/mac
  59. Copy file/folder path in Mac OS X: http://osxdaily.com/2013/06/19/copy-file-folder-path-mac-os-x/
  60. How to Make Finder Always Search the Current Folder on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/720206/how-to-make-finder-always-search-the-current-folder-on-mac/
  61. How to copy a file path in OS X: https://www.cnet.com/how-to/how-to-copy-a-file-path-in-os-x/ (there are several approaches you can take to reveal and copy full file paths as text in OS X depending on your version)
  62. 3 Ways to See the Current Folder Path on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/721126/3-ways-to-see-the-current-folder-path-on-mac/
  63. How to find and remove large files on your Mac: https://macpaw.com/how-to/find-large-files-mac
  64. Brew install JDK 11:
  65. Install latest JDK/Java on Mac using Homebrew: https://pandacodez.com/tutorial/install-latest-jdk-java-on-mac-using-homebrew/
  66. How to install Java 8 on Mac: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/24342886/how-to-install-java-8-on-mac
  67. Install java by Homebrew on Mac: https://medium.com/@at_ishikawa/install-java-by-homebrew-on-mac-d99aff457c1f
  68. HOW TO SET JAVA_HOME ON MAC OS X: http://www.sajeconsultants.com/how-to-set-java_home-on-mac-os-x/
  69. What should I set JAVA_HOME to on OSX: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1348842/what-should-i-set-java-home-to-on-osx
  70. Maven, JAVA_HOME is not defined correctly on Mac OSX: https://mkyong.com/java/maven-java_home-is-not-defined-correctly-on-mac-osx/
  71. Installing stuff -- brew and/or MacPorts vs. official installer - which one should be used?: https://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/400383/installing-stuff-brew-vs-official-installer-which-one-should-be-used
  72. What are pros and cons for MacPorts, Fink and Homebrew?: https://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/32724/what-are-pros-and-cons-for-macports-fink-and-homebrew
  73. How do I fix the xcrun unable to find simctl error?: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/29108172/how-do-i-fix-the-xcrun-unable-to-find-simctl-error
  74. Open Current Folder in Finder from Terminal of Mac OS X: https://osxdaily.com/2009/11/30/open-current-folder-in-finder-from-the-terminal/
  75. (Old-school but system-wide way to) Show Hidden Files in Mac OS X: https://osxdaily.com/2009/02/25/show-hidden-files-in-os-x/ (enter the following command via Terminal window: defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles TRUE;killall Finder)
  76. How to Find IP Address on MAC: https://techyhost.com/how-to-find-ip-address-on-mac/
  77. How to use Clipboard on Mac, answers to commonly asked questions: https://appletoolbox.com/how-to-use-clipboard-on-mac/
  78. How to Force Quit Applications on Mac: http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/force-quit-mac-app/
  79. How To Remap Fn Keys On Your Mac: https://www.switchingtomac.com/tutorials/osx/how-to-remap-fn-keys-on-your-mac/
  80. Use the developer tools in the Develop menu in Safari on Mac: https://support.apple.com/en-ca/guide/safari/sfri20948/mac
  81. Developer Tools for HTML5 Programming: https://www.wickedlysmart.com/hfhtml5/devtools.html
  82. Vertical Scroll Bar Missing From Toolbars on a Mac: https://knowledgebase.constantcontact.com/articles/KnowledgeBase/12509-Mac-Vertical-Scroll-Bars-Missing-From-Toolbar?lang=en_US
  83. How to Customize the Control Center on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/699494/how-to-customize-the-control-center-on-mac/
  84. How to Pin Control Center Modules to the Menu Bar on Mac: https://www.howtogeek.com/699516/how-to-pin-control-center-items-to-the-menu-bar-on-mac/

See Also

Apple | PC | Computer | Unix | iOS | Objective-C/Swift | Safari